How to make hatter shellac
Make Shellac nails yourself
Shellac is a gel polish that you apply like a nail polish. This does not dry in the air, but only under a UV or LED nail lamp.
Shellac is a so-called hybrid varnish (long-term, permanent varnish) as well as UV nail varnish, gel nail varnish or carbon varnish.
The paint has no drying time and lasts approx. 21 days without splintering. The nail feels very natural. Shellac colors are suitable for all those who have healthy, strong natural nails and do not want to lengthen or reinforce them. Since the Shellac can be easily removed in approx. 15 minutes without stressing the natural nails.
Shellac can also be used for toenails that do not need a structure and, if used correctly, lasts as long as gel.
Shellac for the home - experiences, application & tips
How to apply Shellac?
- Prepare the natural nail: Push back the cuticle and remove it from the nail plate. Carefully roughen the nail plate with a buffer sanding block (grit 180) and then remove dust with a nail brush.
- Apply Shellac Base-Coat: Apply the Shellac Base Coat very thinly and make sure that a small margin is left to the cuticle. Attention, the base coat is very fluid and otherwise runs quickly into the edges. Then let it cure under a UV nail lamp for 120 seconds or under an LED nail lamp for 60 seconds.
- Tip for better shelf life: Make sure to coat the nail tip well with every layer of varnish. And use primer as a degreaser.
- Do not remove the sweat layer: The advantage is that the new Shellac layer combines with the sweat layer and hardens together. In this way you achieve a better adhesion of the individual layers.
- Apply Shellac paint: Here, too, make sure that the paint is applied in a thin layer. Make sure that the Shellac does not run into the edges and does not come into contact with the cuticle. Again, please carefully coat the nail tip with paint. Then let it cure under a UV nail lamp for 120 seconds or under an LED nail lamp for 60 seconds. For optimal coverage, apply a second or third coat of paint and cure. Important: When painting, make sure that there is always a distance of at least 1 mm between the gel polish and cuticle. Otherwise it can happen that air gets under the paint and it doesn't last long.
- Shellac top coat: The last layer of Shellac Top-Caot is applied as a gloss varnish. Here, too, wrap the nail tip well. Then let it cure under a UV nail lamp for 120 seconds or under an LED nail lamp for 60 seconds.
- Remove the sweat layer: A sweat layer forms during the hardening process. Then the nails feel as if they haven't hardened through. It looks like the nails are still sticky, but if you remove the sweat layer with the cleaner, they will be dry underneath.
- Shellac care: Please also think about the subsequent care of the nails. Apply a nail oil and massage in for about 120 seconds.
Shellac what do you need?
For the preparation:
- files (preferably one with 180 grit)
- Buffer / sanding block
- nail brush (for dust removal)
- Cuticle pusher
- a degreaser (primer recommended for adhesion problems)
- Shellac Base-Coat (primer coat)
- Shellac color
- Shellac Top-Coat (gloss lacquer)
Cellettes, cleaner and of course a UV or LED lamp. And then a UV nail polish remover for removal in 2-3 weeks.
Which lamp for Shellac?
If you want to work with UV or LED varnishes, then you can't avoid buying a UV or LED nail lamp. These types of varnishes and gels can only cure perfectly and last a long time under black light. In addition to the UV lamps, LED nail lamps or combinations of LED and UV lamps are also offered.
Depending on whether you use LED or UV varnishes, the nail lamp must also be designed for this.
UV lamps are intended for UV varnishes and gels. The curing time for UV nail lamps is 2 minutes. Usually you can't go wrong with UV lamps that are suitable for beginners. They are inexpensive and serve their purpose, so that you can try your hand at nail modeling first.
LED lamps are suitable for LED varnishes and gels. LED lamps have many advantages. The lamps last longer and usually do not need to be replaced. They are also more energy efficient than UV lamps and therefore more economical. They are suitable for both the home and the nail salon.
UV & LED Komi nail lamps combine all the advantages of LED and UV devices. In such a combination light curing device you can cure both UV gels and varnishes as well as LED gels and varnishes.
Whether in the nail salon or at home, hygienic work should be possible everywhere. Therefore, special emphasis should be placed on the cleaning options of the nail lamps.
Tip: If the base plate can be removed, the nail lamp can also be used for pedicures.
Why isn't Shellac drying?
The sweat layer is also called an inhibition layer or dispersion layer and forms over the hardened layer after the paint has hardened. If a new layer of lacquer is to be applied over it and nothing has to be filed, it makes sense not to clean this layer, but to apply the next Shellac layer directly on it. The advantage is that the new Shellac bonds with the sweat layer and hardens together. In this way you achieve a better adhesion of the individual layers.
How long should Shellac cure?
Please note the respective application from the providers here. The following applies to 99nails Shellac: Let harden under a UV nail lamp for 120 seconds or under an LED nail lamp for 60 seconds.
Why is Shellac flaking off?
The alpha and omega of the Shellac manicure is the proper preparation of the natural nail.
The cuticle should be removed from the nail plate so that the Shellac can also last a long time.
In addition, it is important at Shellac that the nail is roughened with a buffer / sanding block so that the varnish has a hold.
You should also not forget to coat the tip of the nail with Shellac at the front.
In the case of very short nails, if the nail tip does not protrude over the fingertip, there are a few tricks for the correct coating of the fingertips.
Tip 1: create templates before sealing. The stencil makes sheathing easier by simply sealing the top coat a little over the nails on the stencil, hardening it and then removing the stencil. Then file the nail tip into shape a little ... done.
Tip 2: Use a thinner, finer extra brush to spread the top coat on the tip. It's a little easier than with the thick brush from the bottle.
In principle, it is advisable to apply the thinnest possible layers of Shellac paint. This allows the individual layers to harden better under the UV or LED lamp. It is better to apply thin layers several times for optimal coverage than one thick layer.
Shellac when cleaner?
The sweat layer should only be removed with a cleaner, for example to file down, so the existing surface must be completely roughened with a buffer before the new layer of lacquer is applied so that the following layer can adhere. Or at the very end after the Shellac top coat.
Why is Shellac contracting?
If you apply too thick a layer of varnish to the nail, it can happen that the UV varnish "shrinks" before it is used with the lamp. Please ensure that the nail plate is properly degreased before applying the base coat so that this does not happen. If the varnish on the nail shrinks after placing your hand under the lamp, you should check the performance of the lamp. Like all devices, they are subject to wear and tear and have to be replaced with new ones over time.
Our tip: Before applying to the nail, wipe off the excess of the paint collected on the brush. A primer should be used to ensure that the natural nail plate has been properly degreased. The correct exposure time of the paint under the LED lamp should also be observed.
How to remove Shellac?
Roughen the paint surface completely with a buffer sanding block or a nail file (180 grit).
Then soak for approx. 10 minutes with Zelletten soaked in UV nail polish remover. The well-soaked piece of cotton wool is placed on the lacquered nail and wrapped tightly with a piece of aluminum foil. The tighter the finger is wrapped, the easier it will be for the paint to peel off. Check after 10 minutes whether the paint has already "cracked". Otherwise, wait a bit, it has to come off almost on its own. Then you can easily push it off the nail with a rosewood stick.
Does Shellac break the nails?
In general, UV varnish is not suitable for every natural nail. Buffering in preparation, pealoff and UV nail polish remover with acetone ... a nail has to be naturally very strong and stable in order to be able to withstand this permanently. Acetone also dries out a lot and attacks the nail. Therefore, it is very important to maintain a lot with a good nail oil.
It is not the Shellac that makes the nails thin, but rather the preparation and follow-up work if this is not done properly.
Problems always arise with thin and brittle nails. It is better to switch to gel if necessary.
Can you combine Shellac with gel?
Basically, Shellac paint can also be combined with gel. Here, however, make sure that the structure is made with gel, as classic with primer gel, builder gel or fiberglass gel. Shellac can of course also be used for the paint application. And finally seal it with sealing gel. When removing, however, make sure that the Shellac cannot be removed with a UV nail polish remover, but has to be filed down.
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