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India population

India population clock

Current population
Current male population (51.6%)
Current female population (48.4%)
Births this year
Births today
Dead this year
Dead today
Net immigration this year
Net immigration today
Population growth this year
Population growth today

Source: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs .

Figures on the corona pandemic


Brief facts about the population

Current population (as of May 17, 2021)
1.397.060.493
Population rank
2 (17.71% of the world population)
Entire area
3,287,260 km2
Population density
425.0 per km2
Gender ratio
1.07 (721,358,598 men and 675,739,429 women)
Average age of the population
26.7 years
Life expectancy
66.8 years (65.8 - men, 68.0 - women)
Literacy
72,1 %

(Population figures are country meter estimates based on the most recent United Nations data)

India: population 2021

In 2021, India's population is expected to increase by 17,506,866 people and reach 1,408,044,253 people in early 2022. The natural increase is expected to be positive as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 18,076,986.

If external migration remains at the previous year's level, the population will decrease by 570,120 due to the reasons for migration. This means that the number of people who leave India to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) takes precedence over the number of people who move to the country (which they are not native to) to settle in to settle as permanent residents (immigrants).

Change in population in 2021

According to our estimates, the daily rates of change of the India population in 2021 will be as follows:

  • 77,756 live births on average per day (3,239.83 per hour)
  • Average of 28,230 deaths per day (1,176.24 per hour)
  • Average of -1,562 immigrants per day (-65.08 per hour)
The population will increase by 47,964 people daily in 2021.

India: Demographics 2020

As of January 1, 2021, the population was estimated at 1,390,537,387 people. This is an increase of 1.26% (17,289,195 people) compared to 1,373,248,192 inhabitants in the previous year.

In 2020, the natural increase was positive as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 17,852,226. Due to foreign migration, the population rose by -563,032. The gender distribution of the total population was 1,068 (1,068 men per 1,000 women), which is lower than the global gender ratio.

The key figures for the population in 2020 are listed below:

  • 28,027,996 live births
  • 10,175,769 deaths
  • Natural increase: 17,852,226 people
  • Net migration: -563,032 people
  • 695,268,694 men as of December 31, 2020
  • 695,268,694 women as of December 31, 2020

Growth rate 1952-2021

Population density

The population density in India as of May 2021 is 423.0 people per square kilometer. The population density is calculated as follows: population divided by the total area of ​​the country. The total area is the sum of the land and water areas within the international borders and coasts. According to the United Nations Statistics Department, the total area is 3,287,260 km2.

Religion in india

religionNumber of followersPercentage of the total population
Hinduism1.110.663.09279,5 %
Islam201.176.71114,4 %
Christianity34.926.5122,5 %
Other32.132.3912,3 %
Buddhism11.176.4840,8 %
Popular belief6.985.3020,5 %

Source: Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape.

Number of followers (05/17/2021 - Countrymeters.info ).

India population (1951-2021)

Population history of India

yearpopulationGrowth rate
1951379.375.943N / A %
1952385.605.5571,64 %
1953392.199.4411,71 %
1954399.090.3871,76 %
1955406.259.6081,80 %
1956413.682.3701,83 %
1957421.388.9291,86 %
1958429.359.1731,89 %
1959437.624.3671,93 %
1960446.197.0281,96 %
1961455.132.2952,00 %
1962464.398.4532,04 %
1963473.991.4582,07 %
1964483.864.2542,08 %
1965494.027.9602,10 %
1966504.420.6032,10 %
1967515.060.2992,11 %
1968525.987.5702,12 %
1969537.346.6332,16 %
1970549.186.8132,20 %
1971561.581.0112,26 %
1972574.513.7562,30 %
1973587.984.9272,34 %
1974601.844.0332,36 %
1975616.011.5162,35 %
1976630.406.1842,34 %
1977645.080.1602,33 %
1978660.016.3092,32 %
1979675.311.2622,32 %
1980691.017.6922,33 %
1981707.236.4462,35 %
1982723.881.5132,35 %
1983740.904.8702,35 %
1984758.178.7382,33 %
1985775.668.7392,31 %
1986793.240.0222,27 %
1987810.901.4402,23 %
1988828.624.1142,19 %
1989846.475.2272,15 %
1990864.379.9762,12 %
1991882.349.4542,08 %
1992900.339.3832,04 %
1993918.429.8132,01 %
1994936.577.6331,98 %
1995954.837.4981,95 %
1996973.194.3071,92 %
1997991.708.8081,90 %
19981.010.268.1781,87 %
19991.028.847.2041,84 %
20001.047.367.4451,80 %
20011.065.863.5381,77 %
20021.084.233.9161,72 %
20031.102.494.9861,68 %
20041.120.622.7601,64 %
20051.138.690.6121,61 %
20061.156.621.5721,57 %
20071.174.420.7161,54 %
20081.191.987.3221,50 %
20091.209.268.0851,45 %
20101.226.071.7241,39 %
20111.242.350.3321,33 %
20121.258.076.4201,27 %
20131.273.373.0791,22 %
20141.288.282.0951,17 %
20151.302.936.3811,14 %
20161.317.374.0691,11 %
20171.331.655.2041,08 %
20181.345.716.9231,06 %
20191.359.586.6311,03 %
20201.373.248.1921,00 %
20211.390.537.3871,26 %

All dates in this table are for January 1st of the corresponding year.

Population forecast (2020-2100)

yearpopulationGrowth rate
20201.383.197.754N / A %
20251.451.829.0014,96 %
20301.512.985.2054,21 %
20351.564.570.2243,41 %
20401.605.355.5692,61 %
20451.636.496.3111,94 %
20501.658.978.1631,37 %
20551.673.078.3190,85 %
20601.678.568.1020,33 %
20651.675.744.290-0,17 %
20701.665.179.391-0,63 %
20751.648.425.100-1,01 %
20801.626.927.002-1,30 %
20851.602.017.432-1,53 %
20901.574.797.195-1,70 %
20951.545.958.902-1,83 %
21001.516.597.388-1,90 %

The data are given for July 1st of the corresponding year (middle variant of the forecast).

Source: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs