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List of German Americans - List of German Americans

German - American ( German : German American ) are citizens of the United States of German descent; They form the largest ethnic group in the United States, making up 17% of the US population. The first significant numbers arrived in New York and Pennsylvania in the 1680s. Since then, around eight million German immigrants have entered the USA. Immigration continued in considerable numbers into the 19th century; Most newcomers moved between 1840 and 1900, when the Germans formed the largest group of immigrants to come to the US, more than the Irish and English. Some were looking for religious or political freedom, others for greater economic opportunities than in Europe, and others for the chance to start over in the New World. California and Pennsylvania have the largest populations of German ancestry. More than six million German Americans live in the two states alone. More than 50 million people in the United States identify German as their ancestry; it is often mixed with other northern European ethnic groups. This list also includes people of German-Jewish origin.

Americans of German descent live in almost all American counties, from the east coast, where the first German settlers arrived in the 17th century, to the west coast and all the states in between. German Americans and those Germans who settled in the United States were influential in almost everything from science to architecture to entertainment and the commercial industry.

Art and literature

Architects

  • Dankmar Adler - architect
  • Adolf Cluss - Architect, builder of numerous public buildings in Washington, DC
  • Ferdinand Gottlieb - Architect of his own company, Ferdinand Gottlieb & Associates, based in Dobbs Ferry, New York
  • Walter Gropius - pioneer of modern architecture, founder of the Bauhaus
  • Albert Kahn - industrial architect; known as the "Architect of Detroit" of Jewish descent
  • Richard Kiehnel - Senior Partner of Kiehnel, Elliot and Chalfant
  • Henry C. Koch - Architect in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Joseph Molitor - church architect from Chicago
  • John A. Roebling - Architect known for designing the Brooklyn Bridge
  • Washington Roebling - Civil engineer known for his work on the Brooklyn Bridge, which was designed by his father, John A. Roebling
  • Frederick C. Sauer - architect, notably in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, region of the late 19th and early 20th centuries
  • Frederick G. Scheibler Jr. - Art Nouveau architect in Pittsburgh
  • August Schoenborn - designed the United States Capitol Dome
  • Hans Schuler - German-born American sculptor and memorial maker; first American sculptor to win the salon's gold medal
  • Adolph Strauch - landscape architect
  • Horace Trumbauer - architect
  • Ludwig Mies van der Rohe - pioneer of modern architecture, second Chicago School of Architecture

Artist

  • Anni Albers - graphic designer, textile artist
  • Josef Albers - painter and graphic artist
  • Earl W. Bascom - Painter, Printmaker and Sculptor ("Cowboy of Cowboy Artists")
  • Robert Benecke - early photographer
  • Albert Bierstadt - painter known for his great landscapes of the American West
  • Richard Bock - sculptor and contributor to Frank Lloyd Wright
  • Charles Dellschau - one of America's earliest known outsider artists, draftsman who creates drawings, collages and watercolors of airplanes and airships
  • Rudolph Dirks - comic artist who The Katzenjammer Kids created
  • Alfred Eisenstaedt - photographer and photojournalist best remembered for his photo capturing the celebration of VJ Day
  • Jimmy Ernst - German born artist
  • Carl Eytel - German-born artist desert landscapes live in the early 20th century Palm Springs, California
  • Claire Falkenstein - sculptor, painter, printmaker and jewelry designer, known for her large-format abstract metal and glass sculptures
  • Andreas Feininger - photographer and author for photo technology
  • Lyonel Feininger - painter and caricaturist
  • Steven Fischer - film producer and cartoonist
  • Carl Giers - early photographer
  • George Grosz - member of the Berlin Dada and New Objectivity group, best known for his wildly caricature drawings of Berlin life in the 1920s
  • Don Heck - Comics artist best known for co-creating the Marvel Comics characters Iron Man and the Wasp, and for his long-term penciling of the Marvel superhero team series The avengers in the 1960s Silver Age of comic books
  • Uli Herzner - fashion designer
  • Hans Hofmann - abstract expressionist painter
  • Ubbe Ert Iwwerks - Oscar-winning animator, cartoonist and special effects technician, famous for his work for Walt Disney
  • Klaus Janson - comic artist (inker), works regularly for Marvel Comics and DC Comics and sporadically for independent companies
  • Ulli Kampelmann - painter and filmmaker
  • Kenya (Robinson) - multimedia artist whose work includes performance, sculpture and installation
  • Charles Kleibacker - fashion designer who was nicknamed "Master of the Bias"
  • Franz Jozef Kline - abstract expressionist painter
  • Harold Knerr - illustrator of the Katzenjammer kids until 1949
  • John Lewis Krimmel - America's first genre painter
  • Emanuel Leutze - history painter, known for his painting Washington Crossing the Delaware
  • Cornelius Krieghoff - painter
  • Nicola Marschall - artist, designed the first Confederate flag and Confederate uniform
  • Louis Maurer - lithographer
  • David Muench - landscape and nature photographer known for depicting the American western landscape
  • Marc Muench - sports and landscape photographer
  • Charles Christian Nahl - painter dubbed California's first major artist
  • Thomas Nast - political cartoonist
  • Elisabet Ney - sculptor
  • Erwin Panofsky - art historian of Jewish origin
  • Julian Ritter - Classical Realism painter known for his paintings of nudes, clowns and portraits and his unfortunate journey through the South Pacific
  • Severin Roesen - still life painter
  • Paulus Roetter - landscape and botany painter
  • Christopher Sauer - the earliest type founder in America, published the first German Bible in 1743 and the first religious magazine in America in 1764
  • Christian Schwartz - font designer
  • Christian Siriano - fashion designer
  • Gustav Sohon - artist
  • Henry William Stiegel - glassmaker and iron master
  • Alfred Stieglitz - photographer who makes a significant contribution to making photography an acceptable art form alongside painting and sculpture
  • Ruth VanSickle Ford - Painter, Art Teacher, and Owner of the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts
  • Richard Veenfliet - artist known for illustration, genre and landscape
  • Patrizia von Brandenstein - production designer
  • Kat Von D (Katherine von Drachenberg) - tattoo artist
  • Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven - avant-garde, Dadaist artist and poet
  • Baroness Hilla von Rebay - abstract painter, helped build the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York City
  • Karl Ferdinand Wimar - painter

Authors and writers

  • Kathy Acker - author
  • Sade Baderinwa - news reporter-journalist
  • Matthias Bartgis - printer and publisher
  • L. Frank Baum - writer, actor, and independent filmmaker best known for the creator of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
  • Vicki Baum - writer
  • Salvador Brau - journalist, poet, writer
  • Gene Brewer - author of the K-PAX novel series
  • Charles Bukowski - poet and writer
  • Caspar Butz - journalist, politician
  • Ellen DeGeneres - television
  • George DiCaprio - writer, editor and major underground comic distributor on the west coast
  • Theodore Dreiser - author of the School of Natural Sciences, known for dealing with the difficult reality of life
  • Gottfried Duden - travel author
  • Roger Ebert - Pulitzer Prize-winning film critic, journalist, and screenwriter
  • Martin Ebon - author of non-fiction books from the paranormal to politics
  • Max Ehrmann - widely known for his prose poem "Desiderata" from 1927 (Latin: "Things desired").
  • Charles Follen - poet and patriot
  • Cornelia Funke - author
  • James Grauerholz - writer, editor-in-chief, bibliographer and literary executor of the estate of William S. Burroughs
  • Bob Gretz - award-winning sports journalist and broadcaster
  • Hans Halberstadt - author, filmmaker, historian and photographer
  • Geoffrey Hartman - literary theorist
  • Ursula Hegi - writer
  • Patricia Highsmith - writer known for her psychological thrillers
  • Friedrich Hirth - Sinolog
  • Max Hofmann - correspondent
  • Stephen King - author
  • Chuck Klosterman - writer
  • Siegfried Kracauer - film historian, sociologist and author
  • Herbert Arthur Krause - historian
  • DL Lang - Poet Award Winner from Vallejo, California
  • Fritz Leiber - science fiction writer
  • Walter Lippman - writer, journalist and political commentator
  • HL Mencken - journalist
  • Henry Miller - writer and painter
  • Anna Balmer Myers - author of Mennonite (Pennsylvania Dutch) novels
  • Oswald Ottendorfer - journalist in connection with the development of the German-speaking New York State Newspaper to a big newspaper
  • Sylvia Plath - poet, writer and short story writer
  • Frederik Pohl - science fiction author, editor
  • Erich Maria Remarque - German-born author, naturalized US citizen
  • Conrad Richter - Pulitzer Prize Winner
  • Mary Roberts Rinehart - Author
  • Hope Rockefeller Aldrich - journalist
  • Irma S. Rombauer - author of The joy of cooking
  • Diane Sawyer - journalist
  • Jack Schaefer - author of Shane
  • Paul Schrader - screenwriter, film director and film critic
  • Peter Schweizer - author of Do as I Say (Not like me): Profiles in liberal hypocrisy and Clinton Cash
  • Ernest Schwiebert - Angel writer
  • Charles Sealsfield - pseudonym of the Austrian-American author of novels and travelogues Carl (or Karl) Anton Postl
  • Dr. Seuss (born Theodor Seuss Geisel) - writer and caricaturist
  • Maria Shriver - journalist and author
  • Mona Simpson - writer and university professor, biological younger sister of the late Apple Inc. co-founder Steve Jobs
  • Curt Siodmak - screenwriter
  • Nicholas Sparks - writer and screenwriter
  • Gertrude Stein - author of Jewish origin
  • John Steinbeck - Nobel Prize Winner, one of the most famous and widely read American writers of the 20th century
  • Henry F. Urban - journalist, author
  • Henry Villard - journalist
  • Kurt Vonnegut - writer
  • Tessa Countess von Walderdorff - writer, celebrity
  • George Weigel - author; political and social activist

Business people and entrepreneurs

  • John Jacob Astor - business tycoon, businessman and investor and the first multimillionaire in the United States
  • John Jacob Astor IV - millionaire businessman, real estate developer, inventor, writer and lieutenant colonel in the Spanish-American War
  • William Waldorf Astor, 1st Viscount Astor - financier and statesman
  • George Frederick Baer - Lawyer, Social Darwinist Railroad Baron (Former President of the Reading Railroad)
  • Ralph Baer - father of the home video game console of German-Jewish origin
  • John Jacob Bausch - optician, co-founder of Bausch & Lomb
  • Andy von Bechtolsheim - co-founder of Sun Microsystems and one of the first investors at Google
  • Maximilian Berlitz - Berlitz language school
  • Isaac Wolfe Bernheim - businessman known for introducing the IW Harper brand for premium bourbon whiskey
  • Bernard Baruch - financier, punter, statesman and political advisor
  • William Edward Boeing - aviation pioneer who founded The Boeing Company
  • Paul Bonwit - Founder of the Bonwit Teller department store in New York City
  • Emil J. Brach, founder of Brach's Candy
  • George Brumder - Milwaukee, Wisconsin newspaper publisher and businessman
  • Clyde Cessna - aircraft designer, aviator, and founder of the Cessna Aircraft Corporation
  • Walter Chrysler - Chrysler automobile developer
  • George A. Dickel - whiskey dealer; born in Grünberg, Hessen
  • Chris Deering - businessman and marketer best known for his role as President of Sony Computer Entertainment Europe
  • Noah Dietrich - CEO of the Howard Hughes Empire
  • William S. Dietrich II - Industrialist who took over and expanded Dietrich Industries, a steel frame manufacturer that he eventually sold to Worthington Industries. Late in life, he made two of the greatest charitable contributions in the history of higher education to the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University.
  • Walt Disney - film producer, director, screenwriter, voice actor, animator, entrepreneur, and philanthropist
  • John Doerr - Venture Capitalist at Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers
  • Richard Driehaus - Chairman of Driehaus Capital Management LLC
  • August Duesenberg - automotive pioneer manufacturer
  • Fred Duesenberg - automotive pioneer designer, manufacturer and athlete
  • Edward Filene - businessman, social entrepreneur, and philanthropist
  • Harvey Firestone - Founder of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
  • Nicholas C. Forstmann - one of the founding partners of Forstmann Little & Company, a private equity firm
  • Theodore J. Forstmann - one of the founding partners of Forstmann Little & Company, a private equity firm, and Chairman and CEO of IMG, a leading global sports and media company
  • Bill Gates - software magnate and investor, founder and former chairman of Microsoft
  • Daniel Frank Gerber - manufacturer of baby food
  • Frank Daniel Gerber - manufacturer of baby food
  • Henry Giessenbier - banker and founder of the Progressive Civic Association for Young Men in 1915 and the Junior Chamber of the United States in 1920
  • Theodor August Heintzman - piano manufacturer (Heintzman & Co.) and inventor
  • Henry J. Heinz - Ketchup founder of the HJ Heinz Company
  • HJ Heinz II - known as Jack Heinz, a managing director and CEO of the HJ Heinz Company
  • H. Robert Heller - President and CEO of VISA USA and Federal Reserve Board of Governors
  • Richard Hellmann - founder of Hellmanns
  • Joseph A. Hemann - educator, newspaper publisher and banker
  • Milton S. Hershey - Hershey Chocolate Founder
  • Barron Hilton - chairman of the Hilton hotel chain and grandfather of Paris Hilton
  • Conrad Hilton - founder of the Hilton hotel chain and great-grandfather of Paris Hilton and Nicky Hilton
  • Richard Hilton - hotelier and real estate entrepreneur, father of Paris Hilton
  • George A. Hormel - Founder of the Hormel Foods Corporation
  • Steve Jobs - software tycoon, co-founder and CEO of Apple Inc.
  • Max Kade - pharmaceutical tycoon, donated the Max Kade Foundation
  • Otto Hermann Kahn - investment banker
  • Jawed Karim - Co-founder of YouTube and designer of the most important parts of PayPal
  • Edgar J. Kaufmann - department store entrepreneur
  • William Myron Keck - oil entrepreneur and philanthropist who is now best to give his name to the well-known WM Keck Foundation, one of the largest foundations
  • Peter Kern - Pastry Chef and Mayor of Knoxville, Tennessee
  • John W. Kieckhefer - pioneer in the use of fiber shipping containers and one of the richest men in America in 1957
  • John Kluge - Mogul of the television industry
  • Klaus Kleinfeld - Managing Director
  • William Knabe - industrialist and piano manufacturer
  • Lynne Koplitz - comedian
  • James L. Kraft - first to patent processed cheese; Kraft Foods founder
  • Bernard Kroger - chain dealer of the Kroger chain
  • Louis Kurz - important editor of chromolithographs in the late 19th century
  • Henry Emanuel Lutterloh - Quartermaster General under George Washington
  • Johan Adam Lemp - father of modern brewing in St. Louis, founded the William J. Lemp Brewing Company
  • James E. Lentz III - President of Toyota Motor Sales, USA
  • Alfred Lion - Co-Founder of Blue Note Records
  • Solomon Loeb - banker, co-founder of Kuhn, Loeb & Co., of Jewish descent
  • Grover Loening - aircraft manufacturer
  • Henry Lomb - Co-Founder of Bausch & Lomb
  • George Lucas - film director and producer, partly of German descent
  • William H. Luden - developer of the menthol cough drop, Luden's first menthol cough drop
  • Adolph Luetgert - Chicago businessman of the AL Luetgert Sausage & Packing Company
  • Peter Luger - Steak restaurateurs
  • Abby Rockefeller Mauzé - philanthropist
  • Oscar Mayer - meat entrepreneur
  • Frederick L. Maytag - Founder of the Maytag Company
  • George W. Merck - Scientist and Past President of Merck & Co.
  • Fred G. Meyer - Founder of Fred Meyer
  • Maxey Dell Moody Jr.- Founder of MOBRO Marine, Inc. and CEO of MD Moody & Sons, Inc.
  • Elon Musk - Co-Founder of PayPal Inc. ; Founder of SolarCity, SpaceX, Hyperloop and Tesla Motors
  • Carrie Marcus Neiman - Co-founder of the Neiman-Marcus department store
  • Adolph Ochs- Sulzberger - newspaper publisher and former owner of New York Times and the Chattanooga Times (now Chattanooga Times Free Press )
  • Hermann Oelrichs - ship magnate and owner of Norddeutsche Lloyd Shipping
  • Albrecht Pagenstecher - pioneer of the modern paper industry
  • Fabian Pascal - consultant for large software providers
  • Charles Pfizer - founded the Pfizer Inc. pharmaceutical company
  • John C. Pritzlaff - Founder of the John Pritzlaff Hardware Company, the largest hardware store in the American Midwest until it closed in 1958
  • Robert Propst - inventor of the Action Office, which developed into the office furniture system in the cabin
  • John J. Raskob - builder of the Empire State Building
  • Francis Joseph Reitz - banker, citizen and philanthropist
  • John Augustus Reitz - known as the "Lumber Baron", entrepreneur, industrialist, banker, citizen and philanthropist
  • George Remus - famous lawyer and pirate of Cincinnati during the prohibition era
  • Adolph Rickenbacher - founded the electric guitar manufacturer Rickenbacher Manufacturing Company
  • William Rittenhouse - built the first paper mill in America
  • David Rockefeller - banker, philanthropist, world statesman, and the current patriarch of the Rockefeller family
  • John D. Rockefeller - oil magnate and philanthropist
  • John D. Rockefeller Jr. - Industrialist and philanthropist
  • John D. Rockefeller III - Industrialist and Philanthropist
  • Laurance Rockefeller - venture capitalist, financier, philanthropist and great conservationist
  • John Augustus Roebling - civil engineer, one of the pioneers in the construction of suspension bridges
  • Washington Roebling - civil engineer known for working on the Brooklyn Bridge
  • Jim Rohr - Chairman and CEO of PNC Financial Services (PNC Bank)
  • Jacob Ruppert - brewer, businessman, National Guard Colonel and United States Congressman, owner of the New York Yankees from 1915 to 1939
  • August Schell - founded the August Schell Brewing Company in 1860, the second oldest family-owned brewery in America
  • Walter Schlage - engineer, inventor and businessman; Founder of Schlage Manufacturing in San Francisco
  • John Schnatter - Founder of Papa John's Pizza
  • Jacob Schiff - banker and philanthropist
  • Julius Schmid - creator of the Sheik condom