Central TV presenters who are ethnic minorities
Lexicon: ethnic group / ethnic minority
The word Ethnicity comes from the Greek term "éthnos", which means "people". It describes an ethnic or human group that feels they belong together due to their common origin, culture, language, religion, history and / or economy and forms a community. Often "ethnicity" is used synonymously with the word "people".
However, one cannot automatically equate an ethnic group with a certain citizenship or nationality (such as German, Brazilian or Chinese). Because different ethnic groups can also live within a country, each of which is differentiated by its own culture. Sometimes they speak their own language or belong to a different faith, but that doesn't have to be the case. Ethnic groups can also develop because a certain sense of community and self-image develops between the "members", who thereby distinguish themselves culturally from other groups.
Often in the news of "ethnic minorities"If the talk is about population groups that are in the minority in a country or area and therefore often have to struggle with discrimination, oppression and exclusion, have fewer rights or are even persecuted and displaced or have been. A distinction is made between ethnic minorities who have long belonged to a common ethnic group, such as the Basques in Spain, and those who originally did not belong to the same ethnic group, such as the black population in America. A specialty is the "diaspora" ("dispersion") in which a population group left their former homeland and now lives as an ethnic minority in different parts of the world - such as the majority of the Jewish population who do not live in the Jewish state of Israel.
The term "ethnicities" or "ethnic groups" has now also replaced the term "races", which was previously used to distinguish ethnic groups based on their origin and outward appearance. Since it was also linked to dubious and judgmental definitions of peoples and groups of people based on a racist way of thinking, the term "race" is no longer used in relation to groups of people. "Ethnic group" is a more neutral term to also describe the external differences between the various ethnic groups. However, the term "ethnicity" does not primarily describe the differences in appearance, but above all the cultural characteristics of a population group.
But why are people who belong to a common ethnic group in many cases also outwardly similar? They usually have a common origin and history. In the course of evolution, humans have adapted to their outer appearance, skin color and certain features of the living space. Europeans look different than peoples from Asia or Africa. Southern Europeans, in turn, differ from the northern inhabitants of Europe, and there are also differences among the ethnic groups of Asia. Many questions in research on human evolution have not yet been adequately answered. For example, how exactly the different "types of people" actually developed. In any case, over time, the peoples settled in different regions of the world and mingled with others there again. Little by little, individual ethnic groups and ethnic groups emerged. Humans optimally adapted to their living space in terms of their external shape and certain characteristics. For example, people in northern regions developed fair skin, while people who were often exposed to the hot sun had darker skin. As a result, they were much better protected from the harmful rays of the sun. Dark eyes are also much less sensitive to bright light. Through adaptations and genetic mutations - sudden genetic changes - the human body changed and adapted itself better and better to local conditions.
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