What is Biodesign Mesh made of

What is mesh? From a fashion statement to a medical must-have

What is mesh?

In the fashion world you could see the increasing popularity of the fabric in the last few years, but what exactly is mesh? And why are department stores and designers so after this fabric? A wafer-thin, soft fabric with an infinite number of small holes, loosely woven or knitted to create a unique look and structure.

How is mesh made?

Mesh itself indicates a linked structure of fibers and is technically a lattice made from interconnected threads. The yarn is either knitted or woven to get the characteristic holes. The fabric can be made from a wide variety of materials and is not only popular as a fashion fabric, but is also used, for example, in medicine.

What is mesh made of?

The fabric is often made of polyester or nylon. These synthetic fibers are bonded together to create a flexible, net-like fabric that has a number of uses. In contrast, mesh can also be created from metals, for example to produce a more stable and structured material for industrial purposes.

Nylon vs polyester

Mesh fabric is usually made of polyester or nylon, although the different versions can often not be distinguished from one another with the naked eye. Both can be used for comparable purposes, have a large number of things in common, and yet have some differences. For example, the materials are both crease-free and quick-drying, which makes them incredibly easy to care for. Nylon, also known as polyamide, and polyester are man-made fibers that are easy to dye and durable. While polyester has a slightly structured handle, nylon is reminiscent of artificial silk. Nylon also has more elasticity than polyester. Another difference is that nylon is more durable than polyester and can therefore be a better choice for products that are subject to high wear and tear.

The history of mesh and fashion

Mesh fashion is not just a current trend, it gained popularity as early as 1888. The Briton Lewis Haslam discovered the advantages of breathable clothing and developed the first Aertex mesh clothing made of cotton. Initially, the material was used to make shirts and underwear, as it had particular hygienic advantages by transporting moisture from the inside to the outside. In the 1980s, Adidas began to manufacture sportswear made from Aertex and spread the fabric in the fashion scene. The fabric's growing popularity for sportswear and general everyday wear increased as famous footballers such as Pele wore jerseys made from the material.

What is mesh used for?

Polyester or nylon mesh is often used as a lining for casual and fashion clothing, such as undershirts, outdoor jackets, dresses and more. It is breathable and regulates temperature, which is why it is still used for the production of sportswear. Polyester mesh is also used as a fabric for screen printing, as the material is very resilient and does not absorb moisture.

Mesh can be used for many purposes, such as being widely used as part of tents and other camping equipment. With the help of the tiny holes, the temperature is regulated in all weather conditions, which makes the fabric perfect for camping and outdoor textiles.

Not to forget the widespread, perhaps surprising, use of mesh in the medical industry: In surgical interventions, hernias or inguinal hernias, surgical mesh supports the healing of organs. Depending on what material the tissue is made of, it can dissolve after a while or it remains in the body until it is surgically removed.

Main features

Mesh textiles may look similar, but different fibers offer different properties. Here are the most important ones at a glance:


  • Manufacture of sportswear
  • Breathable
  • Moisture transporting
  • Water resistant

Mesh networks

  • Protection from insects
  • Camping equipment & clothing
  • Breathable


  • Fine mesh
  • Bridal veil and evening wear
  • Versatile

Power mesh

  • Body contouring pants & underwear, sportswear
  • Often used in women's underwear
  • Breathable
  • Resembles spandex, very elastic
  • Comfortable


  • Permeable & light
  • For fashion and functional textiles, such as beekeeping veils, partition walls in tents, laundry bags
  • Durable
  • Evening dresses

Immerse yourself in the world of mesh fabrics and explore over 100 other materials with the help of your own sample box. Get a feel for each fabric, experiment with a wide variety of materials and choose the ideal fabric for your next project.