Where is the security group of the WDS server

Installation and configuration of a Windows deployment server using WDS


May 22, 2009, updated 4:40 pm, 35099 views, 15 comments, 6 thanks

This guide deals with the correct installation and configuration of a Windows Deployment Server using "Windows Deployment Services - WDS".

Simple version --- revision will follow



Start -> Control Panel -> Software

The system control option "Software" opens

Now please click on the button "Add / Remove Windows Components".

The wizard for Windows components now opens.

Please select the entry "Windows Deployment Services" and then click on "Next>".

The wizard will now install Windows Deployment Services on your server.

To complete the process, please click on "Finish".

You may then be asked to restart the server.

Please follow up on this.


The WDS can be run in different modes.
The following table shows the differences:

Mode properties
Legacy RIS start environment = OSChooser
Image types: RISETUP and RIPREP
Administration = RIS toolset
Mixed mode start environment = OSChooser and Windows PE
Image types: WIM, RISETUP, and RIPREP
Administration = RIS Toolset and WDS MGMT
Unified Mode Startup Environment = Windows PE
Image types: WIM
Administration = WDS MGMT
Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 are distributed via RISETUP images in the OSChooser start environment.
Windows Vista or higher is distributed via WIM images in the Windows PE start environment.

However, it is possible to convert a so-called mirroring of a computer (RIPREP) into a WIM image. This allows e.g. Windows XP to be installed via the Windows PE start environment.

Legacy RIS

By installing Windows Deployment Services, you laid the foundations for this mode.

Please click on Start? Administration ? Legacy mode for Windows Deployment Services

The wizard for installing Windows Deployment Services opens.

Please click on "Next>".

You must now specify the path in which the images of the operating systems made available for installation are saved.

The path must be on a drive that has been formatted with the NTFS file system, and it should not be on the system partition.

Please click on "Next>".

The wizard asks you for the PXE answer settings. Here you determine how the Windows Deployment Services should react to client requests.

In order to be able to operate the client without prior approval, please click on "Respond to service requests from clients".

Please click on "Next>".

You then have to specify the storage location of the Windows installation files or the installation data medium.

These installation files can be found on the respective installation media for Windows 2000, Windows XP or Windows Server 2003.

Please click on “Next>”.

Now you need to set the folder name for the installation image. A modified copy of the installation data medium is stored in this folder. It will be created in the path you specified in the "\ Setup \ German \" directory.

Please click on "Next>".

In this step of the wizard, you can now specify the image name and an image description.

These values ​​are displayed in the image selector before an image is installed on the client and are intended to help you choose the correct image.

Please click on “Next>”.

A summary of the setting that has just been made is then displayed.

Please click on “Finish”.

The wizard now creates the installation image fully automatically and inserts it into the image database of the Windows Deployment Services.

This process may take a few minutes depending on the available system resources.

After successful completion, please click on "Done".

Mixed mode

Please carry out the steps from the point Legacy RIS.

Now please click on Start? Administration ? Windows Deployment Services ".

The Management Console for Windows Deployment Services opens.

Please expand the server node in the tree structure on the right.
Then click on your server and right-click on it to open the context menu.

Then please select the point "Configure server".

The Windows Deployment Services Configuration Wizard opens.

Please click on “Next>”.

This takes you to the "Remote Installation Folder" page.
Since you already specified this setting in the Windows Deployment Services Installation Wizard, you cannot adjust it now.

Please click on "Next>".

Now you have to configure the DHCP option 60.
The DHCP Option 60 or "PXEClient" is used to mediate between the DHCP server and the Windows provisioning services.

Port 67 is used for communication between the DHCP client and the DHCP server. The Windows deployment services "listen" to this port in the network and can therefore react immediately to PXE boot requests.
If the DHCP server is installed on the Windows Provisioning Services server, this port 67 does not have to be listened to.

If the Windows Provisioning Services server is also the DHCP server in your network, you must select both setting options.

If your DHCP server is not installed on the Windows Deployment Services server, please configure option 60 on your DHCP server in all areas to be used for the PXE boot and do not select any of the setting options in the configuration wizard for Windows Deployment Services.

Please click on "Next>".

Now you have to configure the PXE server initial settings (PXE boot) again. Please click on the option “Reply to all (known and unknown) client computers”. You can adjust these settings later.

To complete the wizard, please click on "Finish".

Your settings will now be adopted. This can take a few minutes, depending on the system resources.

After the configuration has been successfully completed, you have the option of adding an image to Windows Deployment Services.

Please click on "Finish".

The wizard for adding images opens.

Please click on "Browse ...".

Now please select the directory with the installation files of Windows Vista or higher. You can recognize these installation files by the file extension “.wim” and can be found on the installation data carrier in the “sources” folder.

Please click on “Next>”.

You will now be asked to create an image group.
Image groups are used to group installation images. For example, you can group different versions or installation variants of Windows Vista in an image group called "Windows Vista".

Please enter a name for the image group.

Please click on "Next>".

You will now see a summary of the image analysis.

In my example, this resulted in 6 installation images and a boot image based on the Windows Server 2008 installation disk.

Boot images are required to start the Windows PE installation.
Installation images contain the installation files of the respective operating system.

By selecting "Mixed Mode", the Windows Deployment Services Configuration Wizard deleted the OSChooser startup files that are required to start the installation of Windows 2000, Windows XP or Windows Server 2003. Adding a Windows Vista or higher boot image will restore these files. This means that Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 and Windows Vista or higher can be deployed at the same time.

Please click on "Next>".

The images are now added to the Windows Deployment Services server.

After the successful addition, please click on "Finish".

Uniform mode

You configure the uniform mode in the same way as the mixed mode, but you must not carry out the Legacy RIS point.
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