What is a relative pronoun apex

What are relative pronouns?

To begin with, a brief review of grammatical terms: A “pro-noun” is a word that can stand for (“pro”) a noun. The trouble is that "noun" has two meanings: In the narrower sense that we need here, it is synonymous with "noun". In current school books, the term "noun" is on the decline and is being replaced across the board by the "noun". In a broader sense, “nouns” denotes all words that can form case forms, i.e. in addition to the nouns also the adjectives, numerals, articles and (here the circle closes) the pronouns. As for the majority, the choice is yours. Whether nouns or nouns, pronouns or pronouns - everything is correct.

There is a whole family of pronouns, including personal pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, possessive pronouns, etc. What they all have in common, as mentioned, is that they take the place of a noun in the narrower sense of the word.

The relative pronouns create a connection between a superordinate sentence in which the noun is written and a subordinate clause (the relative clause), which provides additional information about this noun: "the sentence in which this is written". Here, “dem” refers back to “sentence”, which can be recognized by the fact that it also has masculine gender and is in the singular. This is where the similarities end, because the case of the relative pronoun is determined by its function in the relative clause. In our example, the preposition “in” requires the dative, and therefore the pronoun is also in the dative.