What is the definition of popular sovereignty for children
The beginnings of the EU
The beginnings of the EU go back to 1951, when six countries got together. This union was called the "European Coal and Steel Community". One also said briefly Coal and steel union to. Mining industry is another term for the industry that deals with natural resources and mining. It was agreed that coal and steel could be traded among these countries without incurring tariffs. That made trading a lot easier. These six countries were: Belgium, the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. The coal and steel union was a forerunner of the EU. It also meant an enormous economic boom.
Three European Communities
Another step was taken in 1957: The European Economic Community (in short: EEC) was founded by the same six countries. The goal was a common economic policy. This should also avoid conflicts and possibly a new war.
In addition, these six countries also founded the European Atomic Energy Community in 1957 (Euratom). Here an agreement was reached on the use of nuclear energy. So now there were three European Communities. The EEC and Euratom were signed in Rome, which is why one speaks of the Treaty of Rome.
From the EEC to the EC and the EU
The EEC became the most important of the three amalgamations. This economic community was no longer just about coal and steel, but more generally about the dismantling of tariffs and a common economic market. In 1973 Denmark, Ireland and Great Britain were admitted to the EEC. Greece followed in 1981, and Spain and Portugal were added in 1986.
In 1993 the Maastricht Treaty came into force: the EEC was formed with the Establishment of the European Union renamed to EG - the European Union. The renaming made it clear that it was no longer just about economics.
The EU was a superordinate association. The first pillar included the three communities (Montanunion, Euratom and EC), all of which still existed, as well as the second pillar a common security and foreign policy and the third pillar cooperation in police work and the judiciary, for example in the fight against crime across national borders. The contract of the coal and steel union ended in 2002. The term EU was already used colloquially for the EC.
Lisbon Treaty 2007
With the Treaty of Lisbon 2007, the influence of the European Parliament was increased. The possibility of a referendum was also introduced. The EC ended now, the EU became its legal successor. Of the three European Communities, there is now only Euratom.
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