Bishop Idahosa as he died in Granville

BLKÖ: Thun-Hohenstein, Emanuel Maria Graf

 Thun-Hohenstein, Emanuel Maria Graf (bishop and last Prince of Trento, born on March 20th, according to others on March 28th, 1763, died in Trento October 8, 1818), a son of the Count Johann Vigil Karl Thun of Castell-Brughier from his marriage with Josepha born countess Colonna of rock. After completing his studies in Rome, he received a canonicat in Salzburg; later raised to the rank of auxiliary bishop of Trent, he followed his cousin in 1800 Peter Vigil in the episcopal chair there. His reign fell at a troubled and eventful time. He only exercised his high office for two years, as that of consul Bonaparte and the secularization of the ecclesiastical principalities of Germany decided upon by the Protestant-German imperial estates - this violent coup of Protestantism, which presumed to dispose of Catholic property - was carried out and the ecclesiastical principality of Trento came to Austria with that of Brixen, whose emperor it was the ducal county of Tyrol formally incorporated, with which it was probably united before, but in such a way that the bishops still held the title and rank of prince. When the German Empire was dissolved three years later, Tyrol and both bishoprics fell to the new of Napoleon created Kingdom of Bavaria. Now began a time of unequaled oppression, in which the Bavarian government also intervened violently in church affairs. Robert Schweichel describes this period and the inconsiderate behavior of the Bavarian officials in a lively way in his new magnificent novel "The Falconers of St. Vigil". Emanuel consulted with his neighboring bishops, Karl Counts Lodron von Brixen and Karl Rudolph von Schauenstein von Chur, how to deal with the violent measures of the oppressors [10] would have. Together they submitted their complaints to the papal nuncio in Regensburg, who was supposed to present them to the Reichstag, but in the meantime the latter had already been buried with the German Reich. The bishops now turned immediately to Rome, which could give them no other advice than to stand firm against the illegal initiative of the new regiment. professor Hunter shows in the document below, on the basis of authentic sources, how the Bavarian government, as a priest and people of a firm character, faithful to the old custom and conviction, did not shrink from any violent measure and with complete misunderstanding of the Tyrolean national character - while on one side they embraced the ideas of freedom the Illuminati preached - mocking them, as it were, saw inquisitions, deportations, beatings of sticks and military executions as the most suitable means to wear down the people and priests in Tyrol. The now following processes (see the article Andreas Hofer [Vol. IX, p. 134], Father[WS 1]Haspinger [Vol. VIII, p. 34], Mayrhofer [Vol. XVII, p. 191], Major Bucket [Vol. XLIII, p. 212] of this lexicon) then of course the Bavarians taught that hearts cannot be won in such a way and that in matters of faith only the opposite can be achieved through violence. As a bishop now Emanuel Maria At a meeting at Innsbruck, to which he and his colleague from Chur had been invited, and to which he declared at the same time that he would remain faithful to his ecclesiastical principles, his pastoral duty and his conscience, both of the country became Emanuel Maria to Salzburg, Karl Rudolph referred to Graubünden. In Trento, the Bavarian government had a general vicar who would please it elected, who extended his spiritual power not only over the local bishopric, but also over the Chur’s share in the Vintschgau, also to foreign pastors appointed by the government and sent there, the relevant faculties. The people behaved hostile to all these measures, avoided such clergy as intruders and schismatics, and often hurried for miles to old faithful priests in order to confess and practice their worship with them. But also priests who were faithful to the Pope and their bishops were persecuted by the government and most of them were deported. The Tyrolean uprising of 1809 brought all this disaster to a sudden end, and Emanuel Maria could return to his episcopal seat. Then in 1811 as emperor Napoleon because of his quarrel with the imprisoned Pope Pius VII. Proclaimed a National Council in Paris, our bishop also decreed himself with the professor of dogmatics Franz Joseph Battisti then, but proved himself to be a loyal supporter of the Pope, which of course incurred the disfavour of the conqueror. After his return home he experienced the fall Napoleons even better days. However, before Tuna’S passing was emperor Franz entered into negotiations with the papal chair on the occupation of the dioceses of Trento and Bressanone in future transactions and on the establishment and occupation of the cathedral chapters, and with the bull of May 2, 1818, the Pope left for [11] the future the right to appoint the Bishop of Trent, Sr. Majesty the Emperor, with the condition that the still existing cathedral chapter gives its consent, which also happened without decency. As a bishop Emanuel Maria then died in 1818, the future conditions of the Trento bishopric were regulated by the bull of September 29, 1822, namely the allocation of the bishop, the chapter and the seminary together with the other rights. Only after five years of vacatur was the appointment of the new bishop Franz Xav on November 12, 1823. Luschin [Vol. XVI, p. 164].

Hunter (Albert). The persecution of priests in Tyrol from 1806 to 1809 (Vienna 1868, Sartori, 8 °.) [Also in one of the first volumes of the meeting reports of the Imperial Academy of Sciences philos.-histor. Classe; at that time under the title: Printed on the prehistory of 1809].

Notes (Wikisource)