What does charismatic puzzle mean

charismatic leadership

charismatic leadership, can be generally defined as "unusually successful leadership" based on its effects. This unusual success in leadership is usually borne by one common visionwho embodies and mediates the leader and to which those who are led feel obliged to. The commitment includes a willingness to make personal sacrifices and to put one's own interests aside in favor of the shared vision (which is possibly to a greater extent also true of the leaders and is closely related to their credibility). The vision is rooted in the values ​​and beliefs of leaders and led and points the way to a particularly desirable future. In contrast to formal Leadership, which largely uses the hierarchical location power of the leader, is created by the charismatic leadership person of the leader and its effect on those he leads. Charismatic leadership is a phenomenon that arises from the interaction of leaders and those being led.
The academic occupation with charismatic leadership goes back to Max Weber, who analyzed the effect of charismatic leaders on social problems, social and organizational change. Various studies have attempted to identify characteristics of the charismatic leaders. Above all, their perseverance towards a challenging task, their ability to evoke important motives in their followers (e.g. achievement motive), their high willingness to take risks, their trust and interest in those they led were emphasized. The relationship-building abilities of charismatic leaders seem to be particularly well developed. These characteristics of the charismatic leader affect the values, motives and self-image of the led.
The reactivation of research on charismatic leadership in recent times also speaks for the increased attention to personality traits as determinants of leadership. However, it should be borne in mind here that such approaches in no way represent a relapse into the simple monocausal explanatory approaches of the classic personalistic leadership theory. Although they moved the personality of the leader into the center of their consideration, they do not see the charisma as an enduring and situation-independent characteristic such as intelligence, but as a construct that in very specific situations (e.g. a crisis) leads to a specific behavior of Leaders translate (eg meaningful) in order to then lead to the effect of increased motivation at work for (eg helpless) led via the process of identification with the leader