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Motorcycle helmets: tests & test winners
Full visor, half-open or foldable. There is a suitable helmet for every biker preference. The degrees of security differ, however, depending on the type. We are currently showing you best motorcycle helmets on the market. For that we have Tests and opinions evaluated and added to an overall grade. The last test is from.
533 tests 19,800 opinions
Guide: motorcycle helmets
Types - Security - Equipment: An overview
- Full-face helmets offer the safest protection
- Flip-up helmets score highly in terms of their suitability for everyday use
- Jet helmets are airy, but not too safe
- Cross helmets offer the best ventilation
- Half-shell helmets offer next to no protection
They are all head protection in the sense of the ECE standard (currently: R 22/05) and are considered to be safe according to the current state of the art: A rough distinction is made between integral, flip-up, enduro and jet helmets, and multi-helmets are also conquering the market. However, some helmets do not push the safety issue quite as much, but rely on driving experience or style, many are also a coolness factor or a distinctive feature. A full-face helmet would not go well with a chopper, a jet helmet hardly with its super sports car. Evolution has produced a very impressive variety of models, including some intermediate forms, for different purposes - which, the following overview reveals.
Full face helmets: Safe full face helmets
Full-face helmet Nolan N87: "Test winner 2017" in the magazine MOTORRAD (source: amazon.de)
Full face helmets are definitely that safest helmet shape for protection in the event of a motorcycle accident. Its head-hugging design with a fixed chin part and full visor is also one of the best-selling headguards. These helmets are completely closed, have head and chin protection as if from one piece and a completely lockable visor - a good reason to use them as a Full face helmets to call. In the event of an impact, the outer shell ideally deforms like a crumple zone and also protects the chin - the clearest difference in particular to the open jet or enduro helmets. With their mostly large visor, they also present a wide field of vision. The term "hybrid helmet" can also be found Integral helmets with integrated sun visor; some manufacturers also include Pinlock visors to prevent the visors from fogging up in bad weather. The downside of these full protectors: They can be a hindrance with a quick bite at the gas station or the ice cream on the summer tour.
Flip-up helmets: now lighter and safer
Shoei Neotec II flip-up helmet: 1st place and therefore “Recommendation 2020” by Tourenfahrer magazine (source: amazon.de).
A fold-up chin part As with the flip-up helmet, the advantage for short stops is that the entire helmet does not have to be removed. Wearers of glasses also benefit from this type of helmet: The visual aid is usually much easier to take off or put on, In the event of an accident, the entire helmet can be more easily removed from the head. Flip-up helmets of the modern generation are also no longer as bulky and heavy as the former "telephone booths", in terms of protective function, according to the findings of the specialist magazines and the ADAC, many are on a par with full protection, provided that only a model with a solid chin part is chosen. Knowing that it is usually louder under a flip-up helmet than under a full-face helmet is particularly interesting for touring riders: It is not for nothing that the ADAC and the test foundation also rate a helmet Acoustics as a part of security. Anyone who is out and about with a flip-up helmet for a long time should look carefully when buying a helmet. A booming helmet can be annoying - and significantly affect security.
Danger: Flip-up helmets are allowed not driven open become - with exception as integral and jet helmets (P / J-) double homologated Helmet types.
Jet helmets: (Careless) casual and airy
Open face helmet Shoei J.O: First place and thus “tip” from Motorrad News magazine (source: amazon.de).
Open face helmets are helmets without a fixed chin section - they therefore offer less protection than flip-up and full-face helmets. In return, these helmets from the old guard are highly valued by nostalgics and scooter or chopper drivers who appreciate the airy driving experience. Especially fans of sporty naked bikes belong to the growing customer base of the jets. They score as a driver for lifestyle and style as a differentiation dimension for a very specific group of buyers. The mostly lower weight as a factor for wearing comfort is usually only a welcome side aspect. Nevertheless, the ADAC advises against: Open face helmets without a chin guard, even with certification marks, do not adequately protect the face and chin in the event of an accident, at best a jet with a protective bar is recommended.
Modular helmets represent a special case within the folding category with their completely removable chin section ideally, they can easily be converted into a thoroughbred jet helmet and with the appropriate double (P / J) approval both as a flip-up helmet and as a jet helmet drive. Open face helmets should not be used by motorcyclists who drive very powerful machines or if they want to eat up kilometers on the motorway.
Cross and enduro helmets: Beware of optical glare
O'Neal Sierra II cross helmet: “Best buy in 2020” in MOTORRAD magazine (source: amazon.de).
Those who often push their way through the undergrowth need something more sporty than a "protective marble": Cross helmets are especially light and better ventilated for sporty use than conventional helmets. Theirs Chin area has larger ventilation openings with the characteristic, wide distance to the driver's chin. You are also with one Sun shield equipped - after all, a cross rider does not risk important hundredths of a second in a race just because they are blinded by the sun. However, these helmets often lack a visor, which is why enduro riders also wear glasses. Cross or enduro helmets with a visor are the exception - and often to be found under the name "hybrid helmets".
Danger: Among the enduro helmets there are also sham packs: The cheap ones in particular attract attention with their regularity with fake ventilation openings. They look like typical ventilation scoops, but they are purely cosmetic in nature. The inner lining behind it is not perforated, so that not a single air molecule contributes to the air conditioning.
(Braincap) half-shell helmets: Usually inadequate protection
Half helmet or “braincap”: dangerous fashion helmet (source: amazon.de).
The so-called half-shell helmets, often referred to as braincaps, have recently become increasingly popular and are particularly popular in the chopper and cruiser segment. If these nostalgic-looking helmets don't even enclose your ears and forehead, they hardly offer any protective function worth mentioning. Because there is no so-called standard obligation for helmets in this country - that is, almost anything can be brought to the customer as a "suitable protective helmet" in the sense of Paragraph 21a of the Road Traffic Regulations (StVO) - you do not necessarily violate legal provisions with a historical brain cap . But even if many of the half-shells pass a police check without an ECE sew-on - anyone who suffers an accident with injuries with such a helmet will accept reduced insurance benefits - even if they were not the cause of the accident.
Info: There is no test report on this type of helmet in relevant test magazines.
Equipment and security features
The test standard
ECE standard: To receive this seal of approval, a helmet has to pass numerous tests (source: www.bussgeldkataloge.de).
The ECE standard 22.05 is not legally mandatory for a suitable motorcycle helmet. However, if this mark is present, you can be sure that the helmet has passed tests and that there will be no traffic fine.
Materials and visorsMotorcycle helmets can be made of different materials and differ greatly in terms of equipment. From the outside, helmets show big differences in terms of color and decor. This applies here Rule of thumb: The more elaborate a helmet is on the outside, the more expensive it is. Usually this also applies to the equipment. Motorcycle helmets usually consist of either Thermo- or thermosetting plastics.
- Thermoplastics is an easily malleable plastic that is manufactured in an automated process using injection molding machines and is inexpensive to produce. Helmets made from this material are less hard and age faster as thermosets, but mostly cheaper.
- In the thermoset models, the helmet shells are made from a composite of carbon, kevlar and fiberglass threads - a complex high-tech process that results particularly break-proof and stiffer Helmets.
- With motorcycle helmets made of carbon, the manufacturers cut into the weight notch: the mostly very light helmets contribute a lot to the comfort. But interested parties also have to dig deeper into their pockets.
Pin-lock visors or “anti-fog visors” are available as accessories that can be retrofitted (source: amazon, de).
Flip-up, full-face and hybrid helmets (mixed forms of conventional helmet types) usually have a Clear visor, however, the market also offers plenty of choice tinted or mirrored variants. Helmets with particularly heavily tinted windows are allowed not in the twilight or in the dark to be used. They drastically impair visibility and endanger both the driver and other road users. If you prefer a tinted visor on sunny days, you should choose a helmet whose visor can be changed in a few simple steps. Practical for all-weather riders Pinlock visors. They are mounted inside in front of the actual clear visor and avoid the tendency to fog up in bad weather by creating a thin, insulating layer of air between the main and pinlock visor. The The downside of this Pinlock technique: The inner edge of the inner visor slightly restricts the driver's field of vision - even if the edge is made of transparent plastic.
Weight, interior and ventilationThe helmet weight plays a crucial role for you Comfortable to wear, only a light helmet is easy on the neck and neck muscles. But what would a light helmet be? A full-face helmet with a weight of around 1,500 grams is a good average, special head protectors for sports use are sometimes lighter than 1,000 grams. Flip-up helmets are usually heavier. They (or the related type of helmet, modular helmets) are becoming lighter and more practical in comparison.
Overview of the lightest helmets
One-hand operation of the chin part, fold-out sun visor, practical ratchet lock or sporty double-D lock? - These are all details, the sum of which determines the level of equipment on a helmet. The upholstery influences the fit and thus, in turn, safety. Helmbauer Caberg even sends helmets (Modus CPL) with pump pads (CPL for "Pump-Lining") to adapt to the shape of the head. Many helmets today come with too Removable cheek pads for cleaning purposes Manufactured, the interior often serves as an effective system for cooling and moisture removal - very often in connection with air scoops embedded in the helmet shell. Some models have small pockets or bulges on the inside so that a motorcycle headset can be retrofitted later. The models from the top dog Sena, on the other hand, already have an integrated communication system.
Helmets with an integrated sun visor
The following applies: A helmet is only as good as the worst of its components - That means: the cuddly inner lining or a sophisticated push-button visor operation are unnecessary luxury if a helmet turns out to be drafty and booming or even too heavy when driving.
Sizes and fitMotorcycle helmets are generally available in many different sizes, which are specified as clothing sizes (XS, S, M, L, XL) or based on the head circumference in centimeters. The assembly is only one aspect of the helmet purchase. The Fit is is an important aspect of the security: The helmet must neither sit too tightly nor too loosely on the head and it must not be possible to pull it off with your hands - so-called anti-slip. The chinstrap should not rest on the larynx and the chinstrap lock should not press against the lower jawbone. The wearing comfort and therefore also the safety of a helmet are decisively influenced by a good fit. Therefore, a helmet must be used Always tried on before buying - ideally in a 10-minute dry exercise with putting on and taking off, chinstrap opening and closing, ideally with gloves and the visual aid worn during the transport. The shape of a helmet also influences its aerodynamic properties: the more aerodynamic a helmet shape, the lower the air resistance and the less strain on the driver's neck muscles - and the longer it is comfortable to travel on the leisurely summer tour to the south. Helmets with light colors or reflectors also have a good protective function.
Models with integrated glasses channel
Author: Sonja Leibinger
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