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2015/1 HOMOSEXUALITY

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VIEW CONTACTon-Müller-Gymnasium 2015/1 2.50 Euro HOMO SEXUALITY FULL GAY THE BOOKLET!

www.schulen.regensburg.de/vmg/Verein_der_Freunde Become a member now! Support us with an annual contribution of € 20. This will enable the association to • support school projects, excursions and job finding • grants for students from financially disadvantaged families • participation in cultural events • promote contacts between teachers, students and former associations THE FRIEND OF Von-Müller-Gymnasium eV

VIEW CONTACTon-Müller-Gymnasium 2015/1 2.50 Euro HOMO SEXUALITY LESBIAN OR WHAT?

T I T E L 4 A N D I E S E R A U S G A B E W A R E N B E T E I L I G T

T I T E L 5 PHOTOS: VERENA ZIRNGIBL Q12 Dear readers! T he past year was very successful for eye contact. At the beginning of October we were rewarded by the Junge Presse e.V. in Cologne for the “food booklet” with third place in their nationwide competition! In addition, the Hanns Seidel Foundation awarded Agnes Kohlert a prize for the best individual journalistic achievement for her article A pig's life - the farm comparison, which we received in Munich. In addition, there were winnings in the Spiegel school newspaper competition with 10th place for layout, 8th place for the interview Dinner for 8 by Matthias Weinzierl and 5th place for Verena Zirngibl with the photo Food is often senselessly thrown away. The quote from one of the judges: “The eye contact has already won many prizes - and rightly so!”. Of course we are not satisfied with that. But in order to be able to increase the quality of our school newspaper even more, it was necessary that we give our new layout more room for development. This is why this issue is a bit more extensive and in order to be able to pay the increased printing costs, we had to raise the price to € 2.50. What you are holding in your hands has been hard work. For months, this issue was researched, corrected, laid out, deleted again, and all of this all over again. But it was worth it! We are proud to say that our editorial team has mastered a difficult topic that is easy to step on strange feet: homosexuality. We not only provide information about the legal situation or the controversial position of the churches, but also offer you personal stories. We are also very well positioned in our other departments: An editor who is socially committed in the Bad Abbach refugee home lets you share in the experiences of various refugees and appeals to you to be helpful. In an interview with the head of the Stasi authorities, Roland Jahn, two other editors dealt with the time when Germany was divided into two parts. In addition to all these serious topics, we also offer a wide range of culture, school-internal news and a nice pastime for boring lessons. Finally, we are happy to announce that our homepage blickkontakt-online.de has got a new design and that additions and things worth reading to the printed edition are now available online! Using QR codes, which you can find directly with the corresponding articles, you will be redirected to the appropriate page immediately. Your eye contact team wishes you lots of fun reading

TITLE 6 CONTENT ON THE IDEOLOGY OF THE RAINBOW A report on tolerance and acceptance p.8 FAREWELL TO DIFFERENCE A call against homophobia p.11 PREJUDICE TAPPED A survey at our school p.12 CONFLICT WITH PARENTS About problems coming out p.16 “WE ARE OUT OF THIS AGE!” A comment on role models in the media p.22 “STILL, I WOULD DO NOTHING!” A factual report p.25 “YOU MAY KISS THE GROOM NOW!” The Church on the one hand ... p. 28 TAKE ME TO CHURCH ... the church on the other hand p.31 YOGA AGAINST HOMOSEXUALITY? Talk show is changing a nation p.36 LOVE IS (NOT) A HUMAN RIGHT Homophobia in Russia p.40 FIREWORKS ON THE PLAYGROUND A conversation with a former security guard about guilt p.44 HOW MUCH PAST CAN THE FUTURE CONTRACT? Exhibition and film on the State Security of the GDR p.52 INTERVIEW with ROLAND JAHN A conversation with the Federal Commissioner p.55 WHO ARE YOU? Refugees in Bavaria p. 59 AID FOR REFUGEES SMV hands over donation p. 66 NEW STATE, NEW SCHOOL From Hesse to Bavaria p. 67 GOETHE IS DEAD A gloss p. 68 CLUB OF DEAD EDITORS The school newspaper seminar p. 70 RODERICH COMMENTS ... Hygiene at the school p. 72 PRIZE GIVING IN BERLIN A photo series p. 74 OF THE WABRA A photo interview p. 80 Title Outside view Inside view Factual report on Vincent p.25 An interview in Forensik p.44 A gloss on Goethe's Swag p.68

TITLE 7 “THAT WAS HALT ROCK 'N' ROLL!” Interview with Hannes Ringlstetter p. 84 ACCEPT IN CONCERT A concert review p. 88 CD REVIEWS 5 editors rate 5 CDs p. 90 A NEW ALBUM, SAWMILLS AND CATHOLICS An interview with the Wise Guys p. 94 THE DETERMINATION A book review p. 98 FRISCH AM VMG Mariam on her start p. 100 “THE BEST CLASS IN GERMANY!” About the 7D's application p. 102 “HOMOSEXUALITY REALLY SHOULD BE NORMAL!” An interview p. 104 CARIS OMA BACKT Do-it-yourself recipes p. 106 TEACHER PUZZLE Can you guess who it is? P. 110 UNUSEFUL KNOWLEDGE Facts that will certainly never be asked about P. 112 PLEASURE OR REAL LOVE? Homosexuality in the animal kingdom p. 114 SUDOKUS For boring lessons p. 115 PAINTING BY NUMBERS Make your teachers tinker with your teachers p. 116 TEACHER QUOTES The style flowers p. 117 Kultblick Miniblick Schmunzelblick Ringlstetter likes to talk about smoking p.84 Young editor interviewing gays p.104 Students imitate teachers p. 110

TITLE 8 TEXT: MATTHIAS WEINZIERL Q12 ILLUSTRATIONS: VERENA ZIRNGIBL Q12 “YOU DON'T DECIDE TO STAND ON MEN TODAY.” ABOUT THE IDEOLOGY OF THE RAINBOW TEXT: MATTHIAS WEINZIERL Q12 ILLUSTRATIONS Q. VERENA S.8, LUCIDENA S.10 "Progress is the realization of utopias" is a quote from the Irish writer Oscar Wilde. Oscar Wilde was homosexual, lived this out relatively openly by the standards of Victorian Great Britain and was ultimately sentenced to hard labor for fornication with male prostitutes. Today 115 years after his death, at least in the western world, one no longer has to fear such a punishment. Homosexuality has largely arrived in the middle of society, at least compared to the situation a few decades ago. Public hostility towards homosexuals is now largely increasing than condemn the utterances of intolerant petty minds lt - just note the scandal about the Facebook post by CDU local politician Sven Heibel from Herschbach in Rhineland-Palatinate, in which he regretted the abolition of Section 175 of the Criminal Code on the criminality of homosexuality. He doesn't want to discriminate anyone, "Tolerance, yes, but tolerance doesn't mean that you have to approve of everything." And that's exactly the small, fine crux of the matter. It seems as if the breaking point of tolerance is the real confrontation with the issue of 'homosexuality'. Although we are all so liberal and tolerant, the West is on fire even with the smallest demand for equality. When in 2013/14 the red-green state government of Baden-Württemberg planned “alternative forms of love and life to be interdisciplinary in the school in the future. A REPORT ON TOLERANCE AND ACCEPTANCE

TITLE 9 “TOLERANCE AGAINST ACCEPTANCE.” Thematize “, in three months, according to sueddeutsche.de, there were over 113,000 supporters of an online petition called“ Future - Responsibility - Learning: No education plan 2015 under the ideology of the rainbow ”(editor's note: The symbol of the rainbow represents the homosexual emancipation movement). What is hidden behind this ominous “ideology of the rainbow”? Is the choice of partner - regardless of whether same-sex or not - an ideology, a worldview whose values ​​must be viewed critically? Do children really become gay in schools in Baden-Württemberg? The choice of terms only shows the ignorance and ignorance of the masses regarding homosexuality. Because you can't choose them. You don't just get up and decide to love men today because women, well. You can't choose who to fall in love with. Homosexuality is natural. Sociology and biology confirm this, as it can be observed across cultures and genres. Incidentally, also with penguins and dolphins. Cute isn't it? In growing personalities, however, this social lack of clarity only causes conflicts. Anna Katharina Wachter is a graduate psychologist and head of the online counselingkopfhoch.de, where young people can report anonymously and communicate via chat or email. If necessary, professional therapists are also referred, but always under complete anonymity. She sees clear differences between the sexes in the inquiries of internally struggling homosexuals: for girls, coming out from within, i.e. admitting their own homosexuality, is easier than for boys. When girls write tokopfhoch.de, the content often revolves around fears, how their parents react and how to teach them the most gently, whereas boys mostly need help to accept themselves as homosexuals. The question is why. And here we are at a point where women are way ahead of men, according to a gay psychoanalyst who wants to remain anonymous for work. Because even if the classic role models attest femininity, empathy and all the other “soft attributes” to women, they have fought for all “male rights” - hardship, career and emotional coldness - through the emancipation movement, while men still have theirs Chasing ideals à la John Wayne. What man would not like to be the brave knight who rescues the helpless princess from the clutches of great danger? Even in kindergarten you can usually see boys competing with each other. Anyone who wants to do something different - read, paint - is a wimp. The male gender is also breaking away from these role models - empathy and humor are extremely in demand with women, and you have to adapt - but more slowly. In other words, the conflict that a homosexual adolescent has to deal with is the conflict about a role model that cannot be fulfilled for him, since the cliché gay that the adolescent has in mind when thinking about homosexuality is a soft, somewhat idle man and so on not at all the epitome of desirable masculinity - and now imagine that in addition to this conflict there is also the stupid, confused insecurity of a first love! You can see that this dilemma is shaped by false role models and clichés that do not reflect reality in the slightest, because of course a lesbian can be the hottest, most feminine model and a gay footballer worthy of a world championship. When it comes to masculinity and femininity, there is no such thing as black and white. Men have feminine sides and women masculine, one more, the other less, that's just the way it is, completely independent of sexuality. You just have to become aware of these role models and be able to rethink them. For our anonymous interlocutor, this is one of the most important realizations a young person can have. You can only help with personality development and sexual socialization through extensive and unconditional support. Anna Katharina Wachter concludes from her experience that after the inner one, the parents' outing is probably the biggest step. These people raised you. Of course you want to meet their expectations and seek their approval. What if, as with one of our anonymous interviewees, the father is no longer in contact with his gay brother? And what should the mother say when she learns that things will be different with the grandchildren? At this moment it is crucial how the parents react, as can be seen from the two interviews. In addition to the family, of course, friends and schoolmates also provide a reference system whose secure support makes self-discovery and self-acceptance much easier. According to Christina Schindler, chairwoman of the non-profit association Jung und Gleich e.V., a meeting place for young homosexuals, the fact that you come out is an important step in personal development. According to your experience - if you feel ready - at least

T I T E L 10 When rigid gender roles meet homosexuality, it usually means chaos and rejection. at least entrust the close personal environment, because it represents a tremendous liberation for oneself. You personally and most of the members of Jung und Gleich e.V. had no major problems with the outing; However, these days there can of course also be negative reactions - albeit rarely. In order to avoid these negative reactions even more in the future, she would like to see small references to homosexuality or all other so-called "alternative forms of life" becoming a matter of course within the framework of the Baden-Württemberg education plan mentioned above. It should not be represented as a separate minority, but forms of life apart from the social majority should be treated as a natural part of society. In addition, she would like marriage to be opened up to same-sex couples. Because although the registered civil partnership is often referred to as "gay marriage" in the media, a registered civil partnership is, from a legal point of view, a separate legal form and does not enjoy the same basic rights protection as the "hetero marriage". Many people are not really aware of this fact. And here we are again at the point of tolerance versus acceptance. It is tolerated that homosexuals enter into a bond similar to marriage. But as soon as something else is to be equated with the holy sacrament of marriage, tolerance ceases. You don't have to put up with everything and you will still be able to say that! This is exactly where the semantics show the mile-wide gap between tolerance and full acceptance of homosexuality in society, the difference between tolerating and accepting. When asked by a Stern reporter how his parents had reacted when he came out to them, Hape Kerkeling said, in essence, that only when this question is no longer asked will homosexuality have fully arrived in our society. G

T I T E L 11 H omosexuality. Most see themselves as open and tolerant of homosexuals. But can we really assume that our behavior will not be influenced by the sexuality of our counterpart? Can we allow ourselves to treat people differently based on their choice of partner? It doesn't really matter what gender, skin color, religion, nationality or even what sexual orientation we have. Because none of this says anything about our personality or our behavior towards other people. Unfortunately, even today a partially intolerant and prejudiced society still prevents many homosexuals from coming out. The most important part of an individual's society, the family, shapes one a lot in this regard. Parents convey norms and values ​​to the child which they believe are correct. If they stigmatize homosexuality as unnatural or even repulsive, this can lead to the fact that their child does not find tolerant and impartial contact with homosexuals. The fear of admitting one's own homosexuality could also be massively increased as a result, which could lead to downright despair in the young people concerned. In addition, a young person spends a lot of time in school. In this instance in particular, it is generally important that tolerance and impartiality towards all people are taught. Even if an open view of the world is propagated in the curricula, it still looks quite bleak in some of the classes. “Fagot” is used as a swear word in the classroom or in social networks as a matter of course. Nowadays almost anything can be "gay" and "you homo" is as easy for some students as "you asshole". It goes without saying that this does not show tolerance towards homosexuals. But it is not difficult to understand that young people who feel an attraction to their own gender are massively disrupted in their identity. To come out in such an atmosphere can be a huge burden. But as long as the same swear words are still being heard at some regulars' tables as in our playgrounds, the role models for the next generation are missing.A lot has changed for the better in our society, but the road is not over yet. We must continue to align the rights of homosexuals with those of heterosexuals and see them as fully equal members of our community. Because nobody wants to have to hide their life and love. When homosexuality is no longer something extraordinary, different or even unnatural and we no longer allow our behavior and attitudes to be influenced by a person's sexual orientation, we have reached our goal. g TEXT: SAMA AL-DILAIMI 9A ILLUSTRATIONS. VERENA ZIRNGIBL Q12 ON THE FAREWELL TO DIFFERENCE AN APPEAL AGAINST HOMOPHOBIA

T I T E L 12 PREJUDICE TAPPED A SURVEY ON Clichés We are all tolerant. We always have been. We will always be. But accurate, anonymous, and unannounced polls have always shed a very different light on our image of an open modern society. In silence you just dare to be more honest. Fearing that it might hold nasty surprises for assessing opinions at our school, we asked a total of more than a hundred students on the subject of homophobia, and we can take pride in the fact that we are not quite so intolerant - to spread cautious optimism . You can see the result of the survey on the following pages. TEXT: CARLOS HANKE-BARAJAS Q12 MATTHIAS WEINZIERL Q12 GRAPHICS: LENA KONZ 10C As a result of our expert interviews and research, we now see ourselves able to present you with partly scientific and partly morally based answers to the questions: 1 & 6: To answer the question How homophobic a country is can be found in the Gay Travel Index. Using measurable data on, among other things, anti-discrimination laws, adoption law or the possibility of marriage, this examines how socially accepted homosexuality is in the individual countries. While Sweden and Great Britain head the list, Germany ranks 14th and is therefore not badly positioned. Nevertheless, there is still room for improvement. 2 & 14: You can definitely answer this question with no. There is no connection between sexuality and the ability to play football. 3 & 4 & 7: Even if these clichés are used again and again through the media and individual cases, one cannot generalize that much. With the statement that a gay man is less male or a lesbian less female, one equates the sexuality of a person with his personal demeanor. One compares apples with oranges. 5: This question is similar to 3 and 4. Put in one sentence, the answer would be that you cannot equate a person with their sexuality. 8: The survey shows that for most (except the 13 and 14 year old boys) it would not be a problem. However, it is difficult to predict the emotions in real cases. After all, it is often more difficult than you might think to get used to the new orientation of a friend - especially of your own gender. 9: No. Rachel Farr of the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Charlotte Patterson of the University of Virginia concluded in a 2013 study. They interviewed and observed 104 couples and their adopted children, of which 25 couples were lesbian, 29 gay and 50 straight. Despite the high rate of homosexual parents, no connection could be established between the sexual orientation of the parents and that of their children. 10: No. Because only illnesses can be treated. And since it was deleted from the ICD catalog of illnesses in 1992, homosexuality is no longer officially a disease. Until then, homosexual orientations had been classified as a mental disorder. Nevertheless, the belief in "sickness" persists. 11: The answer varies. That may be because of the question, as it can be interpreted in two ways: the word "gay" is an insult in itself, or it is only used as an insult - although it is not. These two extremes are offset to form the meaningless mean. 12: Although some theories deal with the social influence of the environment, one can certainly be said about the natural character of a sexual orientation: You can choose it as well as your own shoe size or whether you are right or left-handed. 13: Our interviews with psychologists tended to show that finding out about one's own sexuality often hits men harder than women. However, sexual orientation can never be described as "bad". As severe as the reactions of those around you may be, it certainly does not have a negative character. Regardless of whether it is a comparison between straight and gay, or lesbian and gay. 15: One of the shrewdest comments on this question was scrawled in the margin on the left, barely legible: “No. Because then they would all prefer to be transsexual. ”Where the person is right, he is right. Because those homosexuals who undergo gender reassignment surgery or who feel “in the wrong body”, extrapolated to society as a whole, correspond to one transsexual among 10,000 people. The proportion of homosexuals, on the other hand, varies between 6 and 10 percent. G

TITLE 13 Age / gender / number of pupils surveyed: 13-14 / female: (35) 13-14 / male: (12) 15-16 / female: (42) 15-16 / male: (16) 17 + / female: (52) 17 + / male: (12) 1. Germany is a hom ophobic (= hom osexual hostile) country. 2. Gays are worse footballers. 3. Gays are less male. 4. Lesbians are less feminine. 5. Homosexuals have interests that are atypical of their gender. 6. Homosexuality is accepted in our society. 7. You recognize homosexuals by their appearance. 1 I fully agree 2 3 4 5 I partially agree I disagree at all

T I T E L 14 15. Lesbian women would like to be men. 9. Children who are adopted by homosexuals also become gay / lesbian. 8. If someone from your circle of friends would come out, it would be a problem for me. 10. Homosexuality can treat you. 11. “Gay” is an insult. 13. Being gay is worse than being lesbian. 12. Being gay / lesbian can be chosen by you. 14. Soccer players are all lesbian. Average 1 I fully agree 2 3 4 5 I partially agree I strongly disagree 13-14 / female: (35) 13-14 / male: (12) 15-16 / female: (42) 15-16 / male: (16) 17 + / female: (52) 17 + / male: (12)

TITLE 15 Information and possible advice center: PROFAMILIA http://www.profamilia.de/jugendliche.html Get in touch again ... "Young people advise young people" on the children's and youth telephone is an offer from the German Child Protection Association Regensburg / Oberpfalz eV in cooperation with Number gegen Kummer eV Telephone advice from young people for young people: Spark of hope, available on Saturdays from 2:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. at Tel .: 116111 You can also become a spark of hope: www.hoffnungsfunken.kinderschutzbund-regensburg.de HOFFNUGSFUNKE ADVICE TELLEN IN REGENSBURG www.kopfhoch.de a site for anonymous online advice and exchange in forums KOPFHOCH JUNG UND GLEICH EV Association for the promotion of homosexual youth work We offer: - Regular meetings in an informal atmosphere - Advice for young people, young adults and parents - Educational work at educational institutions - Cooperation with other LGBT groups - promoting queer culture in Regensb urg Contact options: E-Mail: [email protected] Website: www.jungundgleich.blogspot.de facebook: facebook.de/jungundgleich If you don't know what to do next ... If you are sad ... If you feel lonely. .. When it is difficult ... »We take you and your problems seriously. »You will get answers to your questions quickly. »Read in our forum how others are doing. »Anonymous and free of charge ... on the Internet at www.kopfhoch.de

T I T E L 16 Our interview partner has already had bad experiences with her homosexuality.

T I T E L 17 TEXT: HELENE EHMANN Q12 PHOTO: VERENA ZIRNGIBL Q12 ILLUSTRATIONS: LUCIA SCHMIDT Eye contact: Can you tell me first how you met? We have known each other for seven years since we go to the same school. At some point a friendship developed. But it felt like Emma had always been with her boyfriend at the time, so I never really thought about anything other than friendship. That would have seemed strange to me too. Then, in the summer of 2014, the two broke up out of the blue and I was there for her when she was feeling really bad. What comes next is still a bit uncomfortable for me. Unpleasant? What happened? After Emma and her boyfriend dated for four years, just a week after they broke up, I realized that I kind of love them. I wasn't sure then, but I noticed that it wasn't like before between us. Most of all, I've made myself feel guilty because I thought it wasn't my place to want to date her soon after such a long relationship ended. How did you get from this initial situation to the current relationship? We went to a birthday party together this summer. She drank a little too much and when she's drunk she's damn honest. At some point she said: "Tell me, would you ever do something with me?" Since I hadn't had that much intuition that evening, it was a strange situation for me at first. 2 STUDENTS. A FEW. TWO STORIES. AN INTERVIEW WITH A SAME-SEX STUDENT COUPLE. Anna and Emma (names changed by the editors) have been together for three months, go to the same school and are about to graduate. Since Emma has had problems with her mother since coming out, a normal interview was not possible. Nevertheless, Anna has agreed to talk about the relationship and the current situation of the two.

T I T E L 18 We said goodbye that evening really intensely, so just hugged, but somehow really different. You could tell that there was a crackling between us. Well, I slept badly at home because I thought so much and I must have fallen in love. I wasn't sure if she would even be able to remember. I then wrote to her and asked to meet. Three days later we went to have coffee after school. But in these three days I had to fight a huge mess in me, as I said, because of their recent breakup and of course because she was a girl! For me that wasn't completely natural and normal from the start. I was also afraid that she'd only stepped in to get away from her ex. So by then, all of this was in my head. When we were finally together, I asked her if she still remembered the party. Answer: Mediocre. Well, then I kind of stammered out what she had said at the party and wanted to know if she had thought about it. I don't think she had that before, but then we wrote a lot. Then it was summer vacation and a blatant cut because the two of us haven't seen each other for a long time. Nonetheless, she wrote to me that she missed me and that for her it was more than friendship. At some point during the holidays we met again and had a lot of fun. At some point we were lying next to each other on the meadow. I had a thousand butterflies in my stomach and then we kissed. What were your thoughts and feelings when it became clear you loved a woman? Funnily enough, shortly before that happened, I was asked by three people independently of one another whether I was bi (editor's note: bisexual, i.e. equally attracted to both sexes). That got me thinking. In any case, it was clear to me that what matters to me is character and not gender. I didn't think that this would apply so soon. But of course I still thought first: “What do the others say about it, how will it be in school?”, Since I'm already at a girls' school and since “lesbian school” is not infrequently heard from others. But at some point it was just clear, I do my thing and what the others think, at first I don't care. How would you define your sexual orientation? Bi. I still find men incredibly attractive. Well-trained men's bodies have something to do with them! I just can't stand this macho demeanor. On the other hand, there are chicks too. So here again: the character counts! Did you come out? Yes. Albeit relatively late. The first thing I did was tell my best friend, but she heard the whole story from the start and was always fully behind me. Then other friends, of whom I knew beforehand that they would react openly, so everything: “IT'S THE CHARACTER MATTER FOR ME, NOT THE GENDER.” “THEN SHE TELLED HER MOTHER ALSO ABOUT US BOTH. "A normal relationship ...

T I T E L 19 cool. That was easy. Well, but then the family came: I have a brother, I wanted to tell him first. At first he was taken by surprise, but found it courageous that I can stand by myself like that, and meanwhile no longer finds it negative at all. He said I should do my thing. Then my papa came, that was a huge overcoming. When it was out, however, I knew it was the right decision and it was really good. He was totally open-minded and said it was good when it made me happy and that he was always behind me. He just said I shouldn't necessarily tell everyone because there are always people who have a problem with it. My mom was the last and, as expected, she was also the most irritated. She was just taken by surprise, I think, and I have the feeling that she didn't take it that seriously, which I think is a shame because I am very serious about it. She said: “Yes, that is part of trying everything out. Well." But also: "We love you as you are and if you are happy, we are too." Was there a specific reason for your coming out? No. It was more like that at some point I had the feeling that I was bursting. Imagine you're in love and you can't tell anyone. I thought for a long time whether I should tell my parents at all, but then it happened and I don't regret it. Have you already had bad experiences with your bisexuality? Clearly, yes! Relating to my girlfriend's parents. That is also the reason for her absence today. She is in a lot of stress at home because her mother has a problem with our relationship. Does that mean Emma has come out too? Yes and no. She wasn't about to because she was afraid her parents wouldn't understand. Her father has a brother who he cut off contact with since he knew he was gay. These are not the best conditions to trust your parents with something like that. It came out spontaneously when Emma was crying on her bed in the evening and asked her mother what was going on. How it works, once you start, you tell everything that is on your mind and then she told her mother about both of us. They then yelled at each other and pugned at each other for three weeks. Her mother's arguments were: People will turn away from you. You can lose your job because of "something". She's afraid for grandchildren, even if she doesn't openly admit it, but Emma is an only child and her mother doesn't think any further than "two women is not the same as having children". As far as I can tell, her mother sits around crying and accuses her that Emma is the reason why she sucks. Emma is of course totally disappointed in her mother and doesn't know what to do. We both don't know what to do right now. Unfortunately, her mother doesn't let herself talk to her at all. It affects our relationship a lot, because I can't visit her because of it, her mum doesn't allow that. Even if she wants to come to me, she needs an alibi. Because of her, we only see each other at school and very rarely in pairs. It is sick what a single person can break against a mass of people who are behind you. Is there anything that you would wish for? I want to be able to be with the person I love openly. In general, this means above all Tole "I WISH PEOPLE WOULD RECOGNIZE THAT THERE IS NO REASON FOR HOMOPHOBIA." ... an intolerant mother stands in the way.

T I T E L 20 rance and openness to new things. I wish that for the society in which we live. From my own experience I have learned how easily someone can complicate your life because they do not want to admit something that is alien to them. When I look at the development of acceptance of homosexuality, I naturally think: Oho, something has happened. But that is by far not enough. As long as situations arise with us, in a developed, enlightened country, as is currently the case with my girlfriend, I cannot speak of acceptance and tolerance. I wish people would realize that there is no reason to be homophobia. Everyone can love who they like. Nor would I rush to a straight couple and tell them how to behave and how to live.To what extent do you limit your relationship in public? In a gay or lesbian relationship, you are more concerned about everything. You don't believe that at all. I would like to ask anyone who considers themselves straight to imagine that the relationship with someone of the opposite sex is absolutely unacceptable in large circles of society and even threatened with death in some countries. Even so, there is nothing you can do about the voice within you that says it feels so right to love this person, to find this gender attractive. How would you deal with it? We definitely don't live our relationship openly. At school we are as neutral as possible and pretend there is nothing. One advantage, of course, is that you can still be close in a certain way. With two good friends, you don't get the idea that it's about more than friendship. If you see a girl and a boy together more often, you gossip immediately. Although you can't really hide it. A girl has already asked us what was going on between us. Otherwise, however, I don't think I would be snogging around town even in a straight relationship, for example, because that would be uncomfortable for me. g ADVERTISEMENT You can find another interview on the subject at blickkontaktonline.de

T I T E L 21 Photo: ThomasRieger REWAG. We supply the region. With a future. For sure. With energy. We have been supplying Regensburg and the region with electricity, water and heat for over 35 years. With sustainable energy concepts - geared towards renewable energies - we guarantee a reliable and safe supply now and in the future.

T I T E L 22 WE ARE OUT OF THIS AGE ... A COMMENT PHOTO: VERENA ZIRNGIBL Q12 TEXT: CARLOS HANKE-BARAJAS Q12

T I T E L 23 An aspect that has struck many psychologists, but hardly any journalists, was neglected: that of the absolutely polarized role models of the sexes in general and the media image of homosexuals in particular. It seems almost pointless to list the cliché characteristics in this context. Schwarzenegger, Stallone and Stinson tried way too hard to convince us of the tough guy we were into. "Man takes what man wants." And feelings are for pussies. The Desperate Housewives, the Gossip Girls, and even the Wild Chickens, on the other hand, tell us that women's emotions are the most sacred of all things, that men are idiots, and that women in general - when they're not looking good - pitiful, defenseless poor beings. Bullshit. And I'm sure many will agree with me. The reality is different. But when you step on the thin ice in the discussion about the role models of homosexuals, it looks a little different. We allow ourselves to be manipulated far too easily by media voyeurism. A homosexual is only interesting for television if he corresponds in some way to our image of the feminized man with female character traits and interests. Best of all, the said person is almost daunting to the normal eye. A deeply manly voice here, a broad cross and a beard there, combined with breast implants and centimeter-thick make-up and the flagship cliché is ready. You don't believe me? Then look in the media for a homosexual who is similarly fixated on weapons, muscles and money chunks as the aforementioned trio of “real guys”. Do you see? Our media describe homosexual men or women with the formula man / woman minus masculinity / femininity = homosexual. And here is the problem. Just because you're gay doesn't make you any less manly! Most of the students in our school seem to have understood this quite well, according to the survey. Many media outlets in our country apparently not yet. So back to the topic: So what kind of crisis does a 12- or 13-year-old - in the worst case just raised by RTL and Sat1 - youngster have to find himself in when he is about to discover his affection for boys? The paths, figures of identification and future prospects that open up to him are - Guido Maria Kretschmer, Olivia Jones and Conchita Wurst put it in a pointed way. Otherwise there is hardly anything. And that's a damn shame. In theory, there are enough positive role models. We need homosexuals who are not reduced to a more or less pronounced or missing “femininity” or “masculinity”. Homosexuals who would not be recognized as such at first glance. Figures of identification that do not correspond to the clichés and precisely for that reason could truthfully represent the majority of homosexuals. A Thomas Hitzelsperger, Neil Patrick Harris or Ellen Degeneres, none of whom have even come close to being successful because of their homosexuality. Instead, we encounter a distorted image that portrays homosexuality as something strange and special and thus offers breeding ground for uptight homophobes. And there we are again with voyeurism and the lust for scandal: As a medium, it is and remains much more promising to put a woman with a beard on the front page than a musically talented woman without one. Welcome to everyday circus life in the 19th - uh, the 21st century, of course. Can anything be changed about that? Certainly. But certainly only if we change something in our general susceptibility to one-sidedness. Polarizing, reducing and using trite clichés is - apparently - still too easy. We have to change something about our role models of the strong, callous man and the weak, soulful woman and their inverted homosexual counterparts. Most of the steps in the right direction are “WE ARE MUCH TOO EASY TO MANIPULATE BY MEDIAL VOYEURISM.” T t is May 10, 2014. A woman with a beard - or a man with breasts? - just won the Eurovision Song Contest. The media landscape across Europe is ecstatic in the face of its own tolerance and is celebrating for the symbol against homophobia. Great thing right? Not at all.

T I T E L 24 already done. It is a long time since we are in the 19th century when it comes to the division of roles between men and women. And we haven't continued the clichés of the 80s with their action heroes and fashion dolls one hundred percent. Nevertheless, a rethinking of our role models is essential in order to gradually bridge the gap between tolerance and acceptance with regard to homosexuality. Or to put it in words from Emma Watson's celebrated speech on feminism and sexism at the United Nations: “Both men and women should feel free to be sensitive. Both men and women should feel free to be strong. It is time that we all perceive gender on a spectrum not as two opposing sets of ideals. "(Translation:" Both men and women should feel free to be empathetic. Both men and women should feel free to be strong It is time that we perceive genders as a spectrum and not as two opposing views of ideals. ”) g Raiffeisenbank Regensburg-Wenzenbach eG 0.00 Euro youth giro account fee Valid for young people up to the age of 18 + students , Students and trainees Everyone has something that drives them. “Flexibility for Young People” AD You can find another article on clichés at blickkontakt-online.de

T I T E L 25 Vroni could not have dreamed for a long time that she would be elected student representative at her school. After all, popular isn't exactly the word that aptly describes her first four years at high school. On the contrary. Since the fifth grade, she has had to deal with insults and stupid sayings here every day. And that although she has tried from the beginning to adapt to her new environment. In elementary school, nobody didn't care how you walked around. But suddenly it's a problem if you don't look like a typical girl. “You look like a boy!” To avoid such remarks, Vroni even lets her hair grow long. But the new hairstyle doesn't change anything about the teasing. No wonder. The children notice exactly how uncomfortable Vroni feels in their skin. And how much she fights against being different. That is precisely what makes them a popular target for their derision and ridicule. And their schoolmates go even further. “Fuck a lesbian!”, Twelve-year-old Vroni gets to hear from them, although she definitely doesn't want to be that. She has seen lesbians on television before. She never wants to be something like that. In general, Vroni would much rather be completely normal. Just like all the other girls around her. Like those who are not bullied. A typical girl, just completely normal. But Vroni will not be like her classmates. Not even at fourteen. She is falling in love. Everyone falls in love. But “STILL I WOULD DO NOTHING DIFFERENT!” My name is read out. My name. I got enough votes. I was elected. I was elected the new student representative. I, of all people. This guy is sitting in the first row. He messed me up for four years. Kicked, ridiculed, bullied for four years. And now I'm the student representative. I look him in the eye. TEXT: MONIKA MAIER Q12 ILLUSTRATION: VERENA ZIRNGIBL Q12 PHOTO: PRIVATE A FACTORY REPORT

T I T E L 26 everyone else falls in love with boys. Vroni doesn't. Vroni's first great love is a girl. But she never wanted to be into a woman! That's exactly what she always wanted to avoid. "I'm wrong!" That is the only possible explanation. And if you are wrong, you should keep it to yourself. So their feelings remain a secret. For almost a year she tried desperately to suppress what would probably have gotten her into even more trouble. The truth would only have made things more complicated. At least she thinks so. Today, Vroni is of the opinion that this only blocked the door to happiness for herself. In her eyes, she is entirely to blame for many of her previous problems because she has failed to stand by herself. So at some point the lonely fight against herself has simply grown over her head. “I just had to trust someone.” And the first person she opens up to is her big sister. She's not exactly enthusiastic, but Vroni is her little sister and that's why she accepts her for who she is. For the time being, her sister remains her only confidante. Only her future relationships with women can she no longer keep secret from the rest of her family. "My mum gets it when I tell her about someone and have to grin clearly." She doesn't even ask for a clearer explanation. So at some point it is simply normal for Vroni to bring girls home instead of boys. A real coming-out in front of her entire family will therefore not follow later. But your friends are slowly being initiated. At first, however, Vroni is limited to the male part, because with her comig-out she doesn’t want to embarrass or scare anyone, and nobody should feel harassed either. Surprisingly, her buddies are completely relaxed, and some even think it's great. The stereotype of women who would love to have a gay best friend also arouses enthusiasm here with reversed roles. With so much positive feedback, Vroni now dares to trust the girls too. They also stay completely relaxed. And Vroni's concern that they might feel harassed, harassed or watched from now on turns out to be unfounded. Even more so, her friends would take it as a compliment if Vroni was into one of them. For the time being, the information remains in a small circle, as not many people at the school are interested in Vroni's life. The insults remain the same as before. The story is only slowly beginning to draw circles in the school. Some students are overwhelmed by the fact that they actually have a lesbian in their midst and therefore keep their distance for the time being. For her part, Vroni now meets people who appear just as different to her as she feels. Such people have hitherto been completely unknown to her. Everyone around her was so terribly normal and only Vroni was the only one to step out of line. People who stand by themselves, even if they offend with their kind, encourage them now. They encourage Vroni not to hide anymore. She also experiences constructive criticism. And it is having an effect. Because if she's being completely honest, that long hair doesn't really suit her. So the hair is just cut short. Just as she has secretly wished for for a long time. And this step takes place despite the fact that some did not expect it, others advised against it. Or maybe because of that. But for whatever reason. She earned admiration and recognition from all sides for her courage, and the new look deserves praise and compliments. Suddenly she even has admirers and of course that pushes her self-confidence. So much so that the girl with the short hair and the new self-assured demeanor suddenly knows everyone at school. This new fame not only gives Vroni the courage to stand up, but also the election victory. And the mocked girl in the corner has become the new student representative, who stands loosely on the stage. “People took me for who I am. My sexual orientation suddenly didn't matter now. Or maybe always ... ”Vroni thinks it is possible that it was never because of her homosexuality, but mainly because of her demeanor from the beginning. Even if she is only now considering this possibility. It is not without a certain satisfaction after so much positive feedback from the stage to look down on your old tormentor and all the other once scornful people. Today, Vroni limits himself to simply pitying these people. Because, in their opinion, one can fundamentally characterize intolerant people with one characteristic: They are dissatisfied with themselves. That is why they look for a victim, "INTOLERANCE IS A SIGN OF DISCUSSION WITH YOURSELF."

T I T E L 27 to distract from her person. "At parties and in clubs, there are always guys who feel really cool. Most of the time they are the ones who don't get any. ”Such types of all people still try to hurt Vroni with their insults. She is no longer impressed by it. "I just think to myself: boy do you look like shit. My condolences. ”And that's all. Even girls who, for fear of being considered lesbian themselves, did not want to be seen with her, Vroni only smiles at today. As she says herself, she stands above it. There are other examples too: A girl persuades her to take part in a dance class together, who is not a lesbian herself. That she still stands by the fact that Vroni is her dance partner makes her proud. In contrast, the above-mentioned stories seem like ridiculous little things to them. The fact that her friends have always defended her gives Vroni strength. She has come to appreciate being cared for, taken in and accepted, just as you are. She rarely has to endure stupid sayings. In her experience, our surroundings notice very clearly whether one stands by oneself or not. If she could start all over again, she wouldn't do anything differently. “I would not be who I am today.” And she can rightly be satisfied with this result. Most recently she quotes from her favorite series Game of Thrones: "Never forget who you are, then nobody can hurt you with it." And that she can no longer be injured as easily as before is important for Vroni, especially in her current situation, because she now goes a step further, as she herself calls it. After admitting to herself a few years ago that she likes girls, Vroni now realizes that she would rather not be one herself. And the consequences of that realization are life changing. Hormone therapy started at the beginning of November. Vroni is now Vincent. The fact that his friends accept this, even support him and stand behind him gives him the courage to pull it off. The only problem his friends have with this decision is getting used to the new name and finally not confusing the pronouns anymore. Vincent gets the chance to finally feel really good in his skin. Everyone should get this chance. “I want to encourage other people with my openness! Anyone who has problems like me and needs someone who understands them can turn to me! Nobody has to be ashamed of their sexuality. ”That's why he doesn't want to remain anonymous under any circumstances. g Vincent, formerly Vroni, garden gnome

T I T E L 28 “YOU MAY KISS THE GROOM NOW!” THE CHURCH AND HOMOSEXUALITY ON THE ONE SIDE ... TEXT: JULIA KRÜGER Q12, AGNES KOHLERT Q12 ILLUSTRATION: VERENA ZIRNGIBL Q12

T I T E L 29 Many people probably ask themselves this question when a church representative has once again made a dubious comment about homosexuals. However, probably even if the new Pope suggests an opening of the Catholic Church towards "alternative forms of life". The issue of homosexuality is controversial in society as a whole and in the Church. In this case, a distinction must be made between the conservative Catholic Church and its ideas and the Protestant Church, which seems to be somewhat more tolerant with regard to the topic. The traditional Catholic Church views homosexuality as a sin. She justifies with the Bible: “You should not lie with a man as with a woman; it is an abomination. ”Representatives of the Catholic Church refer to passages like this when they claim that their attitude corresponds to the will of God. Only man and woman could form a blessed alliance, since only they are capable of human procreation. In addition, a homosexual person acts immorally, since the use of sexual power is only morally good in marriage. Although numerous different life models are already reported in the Old Testament, such as that of a man with several women, single people, there are also hints of homosexual behavior such as David's statement about a friend: "His love was more precious to me than love for women." However, these passages are often forgotten in the church's argument against same-sex love. At the family synod, a conference of around 200 bishops in October 2014 on the subject of marriage and family, the conservatives of the Catholic bishops announced on the one hand that same-sex marriage is not possible, on the other hand, more liberal voices, such as those of Cardinal Kasper, were also heard. The synod should not only help people to find their happiness, but also help those who have “stumbled”, said Kasper. In plain language, this means that homosexuals should also be supported by the church and, among other things, should be allowed to receive the Eucharist. According to the interim report of the Vatican on the family synod, homosexuals could enrich the Christian community with their "gifts and qualities", because nobody should because of its sexual ones Orientation will be condemned. The topic of discussion, whether it is possible for the Catholic Church to accept lesbians and gays without violating any Catholic values, was omnipresent at the family synod. But although it can already be seen as a great success that homosexuality is no longer a totally taboo subject in the Catholic Church, a unanimous result is still a long way off and the question arises whether the Catholic Church will ever go as far as homosexual marriage to bless as a proper marriage. Pope Francis and his predecessor Pope Benedict also have two opposing views. Pope Francis seems to tolerate homosexuality, whereas Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, who called homosexuality an "anomaly", is strictly against it. Philipp Hauner, an author of the NEON magazine, has gone to various cities in Bavaria to visit a Catholic church and confess that he is gay. The respective priests in the confessional reacted completely differently. In a church in Munich, for example, the priest explains to the author that in the Bavarian capital it is no problem at all to show yourself as a homosexual couple in public or even to go to church together. This is completely normal in this region. When the author asks for advice for himself, the priest replies that he shouldn't worry and that he should take his time until he is really sure. Now he is in a church in Regensburg. When Philipp Hauner reveals himself, the pastor explains to him that this tendency is fundamentally not normal, not healthy or, as the church sees it, not good. This tendency is only sinful if one surrenders to it, this contradicts nature, because God did not create us to love the same sex. The priest advises him to see a psychologist who represents the Catholic point of view. After confession, priest Hauner puts two information brochures in his hand, which are labeled “Special Issue Male Homosexuality” and “Understanding Homosexuality”. According to Hauner, the content of these two booklets is homophobic and, among other things, deals with how to cure homosexuality. The Catholic Church has three theories of how homosexuality can come about. The first theory is that if you were brought up incorrectly, will a sentence like this ever become as normal as the straight version known from every church wedding? It doesn't look like it at the moment. But how tolerant is the church really towards homosexuals? "IT'S AN ABOMINATION!"

T I T E L 30 Lack of sexual maturity, adopted habits, or being influenced by bad examples can become homosexual. According to the second theory, homosexuality is only a transitional phenomenon, which is therefore not incurable. The last theory describes a kind of innate drive, a pathological disposition that can lead to homosexuality. According to the Catholic Church, this type of homosexuality is incurable. Let us now come to the Protestant Church and its theories on homosexuality. A distinction is made between two types of embossing. One is unchangeable and cannot and must not be corrected, since attempts to change hinder or prevent self-acceptance and a person can be emotionally damaged and broken. The other is an imprint that can and may be corrected or changed. The attempts at change must be approached with patience and perseverance. This change serves for liberation and self-discovery. However, it cannot be proven that these theses are generally valid. Only the person concerned is authorized to judge whether an imprint is changeable or unchangeable, because every single person has to find this out for himself. He is not alone, however, but can take advantage of help: in the Protestant Church, homosexuals have the right to pastoral advice and support. So you have to be given the opportunity to confide in someone without any fear or fear. Everyone is free to decide whether they want to take advantage of this offer or not. The Protestant Church only describes pastoral care as successful if the person concerned recognizes whether he is really homosexual, and if so, accepts this. In contrast to the Catholic counseling and support, which aims purely at "healing", this is a contribution to respect for human dignity and a further step towards easing and normalizing the relationship between the Church and society and homosexual members. The Protestant family paper from 2013 states that marriage between a man and a woman need not be the sole norm. Nevertheless, there are differences between ideal and reality. As in the Catholic Church, there is also the opinion among Protestant dignitaries that homosexuality is contrary to the Bible, as eight former Protestant bishops declared in 2011. According to this, it is written in the Bible that a sexual relationship can only take place between a man and a woman and thus anything that deviates from it is against God's will. Therefore, the bishops are also of the opinion that homosexuals have no business in the rectory. But not all Protestant clergymen share this opinion, as the example of two Protestant pastors, Alexander Brodt-Zabka and Jörg Zabka shows. The two are married and live in Berlin. They weren't allowed to move into the parsonage together after their wedding because they are two men who love each other. Most of the time, the Protestant Church is happy about every young pastor, because they are full of dynamism and zest for action. In the case of Jörg Zabka, however, the joy of publicizing his gay relationship was quickly over. There were resignations and signature campaigns demanding Zabka's resignation. When he announced his marriage plans, the rejection became even more extreme. The responsible HR department head of the Landeskirche Berlin-Brandenburg informed Zabka that he would not investigate himself who lives with him in the rectory, but should it become on record that it is a man, there would be disciplinary proceedings. The Zabka couple had to fight to be accepted as a gay couple. They had to endure and invest far more to love them than most relationships. But it is precisely this extraordinary situation that causes the story of the Zabka couple to serve as a spark of hope for many other homosexual believers and is a prime example of how to enforce church rights for all followers of the evangelical faith, regardless of their sexuality. Because despite the initial outcry from the community and the Evangelical Church, the couple managed to win over the critics and it is thanks to their efforts that there will probably be no more arguments in the Evangelical Church in all of Berlin and Brandenburg today if the story of a love affair between two pastors repeats itself in the future. The possibility of church weddings is not yet available to homosexuals. In the Catholic Church, marriage is completely out of the question and even holding blessing services is very rare. For the priests who have the courage to hold such a service contrary to Roman Catholic doctrine, this can even have professional consequences. In 2008 a public blessing ceremony for a homosexual couple took place in Wetzlar Cathedral. The then Bishop of Limburg, Franz-Peter Tebartzvan Elst, withdrew his office as district dean from the priest who had performed the ceremony. In the Protestant Church it is not officially planned to marry homosexual couples. But there are more and more blessings from same-sex lovers: In 14 out of 20 Protestant regional churches it is currently "HIS LOVE WAS MORE DELICIOUS THAN WOMEN'S LOVE."

T I T E L 31 possible to get church blessings for a civil partnership, provided that the parish priest and the church council give their consent. There is still a long way to go before homosexuals are given equal rights in the church. Even if things seem to be moving, especially in the Protestant Church, unfortunately there are still many backward dignitaries in office. Whether the new Pope really brings about the great opening of the Catholic Church towards people who do not correspond to Catholic ideals - one does not know. Tolerance and equality are Christian values ​​that should apply to everyone, whether heterosexual or homosexual. But even today there are clergy who advocate precisely these values, for example by offering church services for homosexuals. g TAKE ME TO CHURCH ... CHURCH AND HOMOSEXUALITY ON THE OTHER SIDE TEXT & ILLUSTRATIONS: HELENE EHMANN Q12 I N R I ++ Under Pope Francis, the topic of homosexuality has already been discussed much more positively, as reported in the previous article. Homosexuals could be an asset to the church, it sounds from the Vatican. But the question of an actual opening of the church in this direction can actually only be answered meaningfully by those concerned themselves. That is why it makes sense to put yourself in their shoes and experience religion through different eyes. The 2014 Katholikentag in Regensburg was suitable for this purpose, with occasional campaigns on the controversial topic of same-sex love among believers. About desperation and suggestion boxes to rainbow cross and queer church services (editor's note: church services for non-heterosexuals). Two very different examples of how homosexuals live their faith. There is a circle of chairs in a small room at the university. The middle-aged organizer is preparing for the roughly two-hour program. It's about creating a protected space for lesbian women in which they can openly discuss their problems. Why is it necessary? Gays and lesbians have to worry about numerous things that heterosexuals are spared. Anyone who claims that homosexuals hardly have to fight discrimination these days probably does not know that, for example, in most jobs with church organizations, homosexuality is sufficient as a reason for dismissal. Many desperate voices soon rise in the small room in which attempts are made to give lesbian women the support that is usually denied to them in church. Some of the participants have had a secret relationship all their life and have never confided in others - for fear of humiliation and exclusion from the parish. Many of them call people their friends who know nothing about their secrets and thus cannot give the comfort that actually makes a friend. Lesbians different

T I T E L 32 "SOME OF THE PARTICIPANTS HAVE HAD A SECRET RELATIONSHIP FOR A LONG LIFE." The elderly gratefully accept that complete strangers are willing to listen to them and that they can suddenly express all their fears and feelings freely. Occasionally, tears even flow. But even the professional counselor can do no more than make these women feel heard and accepted. Such and similar conflicts often become clear in the context of these small fringe events of the Catholic Day. But there are, thank God, other directions in which religion is developing. In the Old Catholic Church in Regensburg, also as part of the Catholic Day, an ecumenical queer service is being held, which invites both homosexual and heterosexual believers to celebrate together, but above all for enthusiasm among the devout gays, lesbians and transgender (note d. Ed .: People who feel contrary to their biological sex) cares. The church is not particularly large, but the service is so well attended that a large crowd has formed in the back of the room to attend the event while standing. Every sentence that fades away on the train of mass seems well thought out and is of such great value because, due to the delicate and sensitive issue of homosexuals and transsexuals in the church, nothing should be pronounced rashly. You can tell that a lot of thought has been given to how to draw up the content of the sermon. So there is a very positive atmosphere, which does not only come from the preachers - by the way: there are five, not just one as usual, and most of them are homosexual themselves - but also from the visitors. If, after discovering your sexual "otherness", you get the feeling for years that the church is excluding you, then you can imagine the joy when you are given a fellowship and a place in the church that is no longer that of the Church Outlaws. A transsexual participant sits in the midst of like-minded people crying out of emotion for the full hour and a half and looks as if an unbelievably large and long-borne burden has just fallen from him. The idea of ​​such worship organized by homosexuals is of great importance for this part of society. These celebrations can also strengthen general tolerance and acceptance. The participants express themselves more positively than ever about minorities and people who fall out of the norm, but surprisingly also about those who hold homophobic views. Because about such it is preached that one should be lenient with them and not judge prematurely, since every person has his weaknesses and can improve himself. In this regard, not only is a more positive image of homosexuals in the church created, but one or the other conservative churchgoer is even asked whether he is actually right when he condemns those who are more benevolent than himself. To be observed it remains that the initiators of such actions are in favor of more tolerance in the church above al

T I T E L 33 lem are Old Catholics and Protestants. The Roman Catholic Church, which is the most widespread, unfortunately does not deal with homosexuality in such an open-minded way. Here, being a Christian AND being homosexual is unfortunately still a huge no-go in the minds of the people and unfortunately also in the minds of the priests - who should actually offer support to the insecure, disoriented people. Far too often you can read about people who, due to their special sexual orientation, do not know what to do next and, especially when it comes to religion, have the feeling that they no longer meet the requirements and thus unintentionally become permanent sinners. Most of us will now think: What's so bad about that? Why is the church so important to these people? It is well known that religion is often no longer valued too highly by us, that young people in particular often have a bad image of it and think of old, gray-haired men in priestly robes when they think of religion.The pungent, unfamiliar smell of incense and cold walls and hard wooden benches - in short: they simply lack a connection to it. But what is church in the real sense? Church consists of community. A name for the people who make church possible. In the idealistic sense, a place where you can be who you are, where you can celebrate together. Church is like a shelter, a place where you are closer to a so-called God than anywhere else. That might sound cheesy now, but let's be honest: also very positive. For everyone, regardless of whether they are heterosexual, homosexual or transsexual. g DISPLAY

A U S S E N B L I C K

A U S S E N B L I C K 36 In India there is still a lot of talk about homosexuality.

A U S S E N B L I C K 37 “Some parents may not want their children to see this show. Then send them to another room, even if I believe that children aged 10 to 12 should see this. ”With these words, Aamir Khan, Bollywood actor and presenter of the Indian talk show Satyamev Jayate begins the evening. Across from him is a beautiful young woman, Gazal Dhaliwal, maybe in her mid-thirties, maybe younger. She has black, wavy hair, and is wearing a green dress and earrings. Aamir Khan introduces her, talks about her work as a writer in the film scene and then quickly gets to the subject - which viewers at home and in the studio have never heard of. He speaks of “difficult times” in their youth and then lets them tell for themselves: “I was born into the wrong body”, the translation from the Hindi passes under Gazal's moved face. "I was born into the body of a boy." A concerned silence in the studio, zoom on a viewer, wide eyes. In India, trans, homosexual and bisexuality are taboo, and heterosexual relationships are punishable. With the program, Aamir Khan wants to draw attention to the problem and sensitize people. He had already emphasized the need to speak in a previous address. As Gazal tells her story, Aamir Khan and the studio guests listen intently. With friends she liked to play with her dollhouse - at that time still in the body of a boy - and when her mother was out, she slipped into their clothes. Once, Gazal was 5 years old, her aunt caught her doing it. “She thought it was pretty strange. She slapped me hard. Then I realized that the others didn't see me as I did. Something was wrong with my body and soul. ”On the faces of the audience, rejection and incomprehension turn into consternation. “I tried to suppress my identity. I felt trapped, ”she explains. The next guest, Deepak Kashyap, describes his situation in a similar way. He was always expected to play a certain role into which he was born. "Be a boy," he was told again and again because his behavior and gestures seemed too feminine and inappropriate. When he then understood his homosexuality, so had his so-called “inner coming out”, and noticed that his parents were ashamed and had to be ashamed of him, he fell into deep depression: “I didn't want that. I had to die. ”After the show, hundreds of viewers will tweet that the show raised their awareness of the issue and that they will never again speak derogatory about homosexuals, transsexuals and the LGBTQ community. Around 1.7 million calls were received during and after the show on a hotline set up to protest a law in the Indian Constitution: It makes all non-heteronormative² ways of life criminal. To date, there has been mistrust and incomprehension of the LGBTQ community in Indian society; Transsexuals³ live atYOGA AGAINST HOMOSEXUALITY? HOW A TALKSHOW CHANGED A NATION. TEXT: LEA WAHODE Q11 ILLUSTRATIONS: LENA WÜRSCHING Q12 I ndia is not a country that is associated with the LGBT1 issue. As in many emerging countries, any non-heterosexual lifestyle is prohibited there by law, which is why it is not reported on. On October 19, 2014, however, a talk show was broadcast that wanted to break that silence. The show reached around 130 million viewers. "THERE IS NOTHING TO CURE."

OUTSIDE VIEW 38 NOTES: “SOMETHING WAS WRONG WITH MY BODY AND MY SOUL.” 1 LGBT (Q): Lesbian-Gay-Bisexual-Transsexual- (Queer) ²Heteronormativity: World view that regards heterosexuality as the social norm and the only correct way of life ³Transsexual Those who feel contrary to their biological sex behave and dress, for example, in an external caste and are called Hijra. On the one hand, they are deeply rooted in the traditions of Hindu society and, for example, consecrate weddings or are often brought into families when a son is born in order to invoke their patron goddess for the boy. At the same time, the hijras who live in communes earn so little money that most of them have to prostitute themselves. During the show, the host also asks his viewers how they would react if one of their children was attracted to their own gender. About half of the viewers say they accept it: “Within an hour you changed my mind about LGBT. I hope you will continue to fight to make our society better, ”writes a TV viewer on Satyamev Jayate's website. The reason for the intolerance lies primarily in the partial knowledge or ignorance that prevails in India. In order to counteract this, Aamir Khan also invited a doctor who answered the audience's questions: No, homosexuality is not a disease, nor is it contagious. No, children raised by same-sex couples are not automatically homosexual. The doctor also dispels the misconception that homosexuality can be cured by shock therapy or yoga. “There is nothing to be cured,” she said patiently. More and more people in the audience seem to open up. When Deepak speaks, there is a relaxed atmosphere despite the serious and unfamiliar topic. Soon after the broadcast, however, Aamir Khan received a letter from the government. He is accused of having attacked the Indian constitution with the broadcast and should justify himself in writing by December 19. By the time of going to press after the aforementioned “ultimatum”, the moderator had not yet responded to this request. The show would be a minor sensation in Germany - rarely is this topic spoken so openly and touchingly. But in India it is rather an open rebellion, a broad enlightenment that was unwanted by the government. The fact that more than 1.7 million viewers join the moderator and want to change the heteronormative and discriminatory paragraphs - that is a revolution in the area of ​​the rights of the LGBTQ minority. Never before has such a large amount of support been motivated. G

EXTERIOR VIEW 39 fabulous tradition VIOLIN MAKING GOLDFUSS REGENSBURG Master workshop for new violin making · Restoration · Repair Schwanenplatz 2 D-93047 Regensburg Phone +49 (0) 941-535 56 Fax +49 (0) 941-563 176 [email protected] www. goldfuss-geigenbau.de Bayer. State Prize in Gold 1977 Gold Medal of Merit 1987 Gold Medal “Walter Staufer” Cremona 1994 Bronze Medal Cremona 1994 Culture Prize 2001 “In our third generation we are producing unique new string instruments as well as copies of historical masters. We also dedicate ourselves to the complex restoration of valuable instruments. " Thomas Goldfuss M Bayer. State Prize in Gold 1977 Gold Medal of Merit 1987 Gold Medal “Walter Staufer” Cremona 1994 Bronze Medal Cremona 1994 Culture Prize 2001 Bayer. State Gold Award 1977 Gold Medal of Merit 1987 Gold Medal “Walter Staufer” Cremona 1994 Bronze Medal Cremona 1994 Culture Prize 2001

A U S E N B L I C K 40 LOVE IS (NOT) A HUMAN RIGHT

A U S S E N B L I C K 41 B are you gay? ”“ I'm not sure. I want to try it out though. I want to get to know myself and my body. ”“ We'll meet, I'll give you 1,000 dollars and you will try it out. ”“ Okay, let's meet today! ”16-year-old Sergei replied to the message sent to him an online gay dating site. Camera on: A group of aggressive, black-clad teenagers surround an intimidated boy. This is followed by scornful exclamations and hard blows. Glass bottles break and blood drips, but the beating continues. You only hear a helpless pleading from the boy, but this is drowned out by the swear words of the group. It goes black for ten seconds, then the victim reappears in the camera image. She sits in a bathtub, distraught and half-naked, and is showered with urine by a man in the group. The other members watch with amusement. Camera off. This could have looked like the video of Sergej's arranged meeting, published on Youtube. Behind such filmed attacks is the organization Occupy pedophilia, founded by the formerly convicted Russian neo-Nazi Maxim Martsinkevich, who has been at large since 2010 and pretends to fight pedophiles with his organization. Because of the low level of education in the country, homosexuality is often equated with pedophilia. The founder of the organization is by no means concerned here with the protection of children and young people, but with the violent humiliation of homosexuals in Russia. In addition to Occupy pedophilia, there are also occasional imitations of this group that support the generally prevailing hatred of homosexuals in their country. These organized gangs use fake profiles on the social network Vkontakte, which is more popular in Russia than Facebook, and on gay dating websites. They write to their potential victims and invite them on a fake date. What happens then is, as already described above, very cruel and is often filmed in order to be published on social networks and YouTube. Publishing the video is intended to humiliate the victim even further and to inform everyone around him. It is a neo-Nazi ideology that these groups pursue and in almost every city in Russia there are followers of it who have chosen the most unpopular residents and thus the simplest victims in their country - homosexuals. There are already more than 400 anti-homosexual communities in Russia and over 100 videos of assaults have been published. The situation is worst in Moscow, where Occupy Pedophilia has 75,000 fans on Vkontakte. It is also striking that there is a direct connection between the law on “Propaganda of Non-Traditional Sexual Relationships” passed by the Russian parliament, the Duma, in June 2013 and the more frequent attacks as a result. The organization has existed since 2012 and there were 17 homosexual murders in Russia during the debate. “It could even be that Martsinkevich is a government project. TEXT: PAULINA WÖRNHÖR Q12 ILLUSTRATION: P.40 VERENA ZIRNGIBL Q12, P. 42 LENA KONZ 10C "YOU WRITE TO YOUR POTENTIAL VICTIMS AND INVITE YOU TO A FAKE DATE" ABOUT PERSECUTION GAY IN RUSSIA

A U S S E N B L I C K 42 and got no problems at all because of the things he does. He was in prison as a convicted criminal and now he has become a national hero, ”said student and activist Karina Frangulyan, who works to fight these homophobic groups, in a 2013 interview with Stefan Mey on VICE Media. After the promulgation of the new law, violent clashes and hunting scenes followed in the center of Moscow. The police intervened very late and were not necessarily on the side of the hunted. The fact that homosexuals in Russia have fewer rights and are even viewed as second-class citizens is shown in the case of the activist Gleb Latnik. He was hit several times in the face on the street and went to the police with severe swelling under his eyes to seek compensation. However, the policeman replied, “That's okay. You're gay so it's normal to have been attacked. Why should you accuse someone of something? ”And this is the daily reality in Russia, because the anti-homosexual law is currently applied several times a day. The law forbids Russians and visitors to Russia from all over the world to educate about homosexuality, to show it publicly or to support it, and also allows radical groups to get away with it with impunity or with an incredibly low sentence. However, there are no specific guidelines here either and it remains unclear which actions will actually take effect * Nigeria * Egypt * Malaysia * Vatican A chart showing the most homophobic and homophobic countries in the world.

A U S E N B L I C K 43 "WOMEN AND MEN WERE TORTURE AND ABOLISHED" are punishable by law. So where can you still feel safe as a homosexual in cities like Moscow or St. Petersburg if the police are not even there as “friends and helpers”? Discrimination is becoming more and more extreme and the law incites the government to hate its own people more and more. Russia is currently experiencing a sharp rise in hostility towards homosexuals. 7 years ago, “only” 19 percent were of the opinion that homosexuality should generally be punishable by law and the number of these proponents rose to 42 percent in 2013. Human rights activists also criticize the new law: "Harsh and imprudent application of these legal norms can lead to human victims and tragedy," said Russian human rights commissioner Vladimir Lukin. There is enough evidence to support this thesis: "Gay man tortured to death by his acquaintances", "Lesbian dance teacher with her throat cut by a street sweeper found in her car with the engine still running" are just two headlines of countless horror news in everyday Russian life have long since achieved normality. It is therefore not surprising that Russia is considered the most anti-gay country in Europe and also ranks third among the most anti-gay countries worldwide. What is certain, however, is that Russia is by no means the only country where homosexuals are undesirable. According to the Gay Travel Index 2014, homosexuality is punished in 80 countries around the world, in eight even with life. Because anyone who believes that the situation for gays and lesbians as it currently prevails in Russia could not be worse, does not know the dramatic conditions in Africa. Between November 7 and 13, five men and three women were arrested in the coastal region of The Gambia on suspicion of being gay or lesbian. The women and men were tortured and otherwise ill-treated in order to force them to confess to their "crimes". The three women were released, but their ID cards were not returned and they are not allowed to leave the country. The five men are still detained without any contact with the outside world. In Uganda, too, gays, bisexuals and transgender people are expelled, marginalized and their human rights extremely disregarded through anti-homosexuality laws by the government. Parliament provides life imprisonment for repeated homosexual acts. The worst is in Nigeria, Sudan and Somalia, where the death penalty is often the result of stoning. However, the legal situation further south on the same continent is exemplary. South Africa became the first country in the world to ban sexual discrimination in 1996, and same-sex marriage was introduced in 2006. It is surprising that South Africa is one of the few countries in the world that has even included homosexual rights in its constitution. In hardly any other city in Africa is the mood as liberal as in Cape Town and the Gay Pride event has been celebrated here every year since the 1996 ban. But this tolerant appearance is deceptive, because a large part of society does not seem to have understood this exemplary legislation. Hardly any other African country has so many physical attacks on suspected homosexuals, often with death. So here the counter-movement is strongly rooted in the people, without the government, as in Russia, contributing. 80% of South Africans oppose homosexuality and two-thirds would change the constitution about it. The fate of Noxolo Nogwaza illustrates the striking discrimination by fellow citizens. She was killed on her way home in the early hours of April 24, 2011 after going out with friends. The attacker (s) raped the 24-year-old lesbian, beat her several times and threw her body into a ditch.No progress has been made in the investigation to date and your attacker (s) are still at large. So what use is a law if it is disregarded by the people? That homosexuality will ever achieve full acceptance everywhere and that all people can live together freely and without fear of being assaulted because of their sexual orientation in a society is and will remain a utopian and unrealistic idea. Of course there are many places in the world where homosexuality is no longer a taboo subject and where love for someone of the same sex is not considered a crime. Indeed, there is also a great deal of progress and positive change in relation to the past on this subject. However, many countries have not yet undergone this change and misconceptions are anchored in people's minds and they are influenced by the government or the prevailing religions in the respective countries. The suffering of homosexuals exists around the globe and obviously has no end, despite the occasional bright spot. Even Sergei now knows that he can no longer live safely in his home country and that he has to forego a crucial right that everyone should be entitled to: the freedom to choose whom he loves. G

A U S S E N B L I C K 44 The structure of our ears determines our world.

A U S E N B L I C K 45 Before the patient enters the sparsely furnished conference room for an interview in the presence of his therapist Uta von Hahn, he can be heard chatting and laughing with an employee in the corridor as if he were an old school friend. The windows are barred. There are also no doorknobs. Supported by two crutches - he recently had an accident, he will explain - he crosses the door frame and with a groan sits down on the first chair that comes his way. He wears a suit. And even if he seems a little worn out, after the first assessments of his counterpart, he exudes a sympathetic openness that will make the conversation last a long time. Despite the understandable trepidation that what was said should actually trigger, the patient finds more moments that make him laugh than one might believe. What do you do when your messed up childhood has brought you psychological defense mechanisms that influence you so much later in life that you hurt other people in the most extreme ways? Admittedly, it is technically incorrect to speak of such a causality. After all, not every criminal has a messed up childhood and not every messed up childhood results in a criminal. Nevertheless, in this case the barrel overflowed and all bridges burned. Preventive detention “until physical or mental decline” or therapy in a forensic psychiatry? THE FIREWORKS ON THE PLAYGROUND A CONVERSATION WITH A FORMER INMATE OF PSYCHATRIC FORENSICS ABOUT DEBT BK: What illness do you have? It says personality disorder. What does that mean? How did you perceive that? I didn't notice it at all. For me everyone else was disturbed. To me, personality disorder means that I wasn't like the crowd. I was antisocial. It is not normal that I saw an enemy in everyone ‘that I meant‘ that the whole world is evil and that everyone just wants something bad from me. All you had to do was ask me how I was doing, and a whole factory went off in the back of my mind to find out what that meant: Why is he being friendly to me? What is he up to? In retrospect, you can say that I simply didn't trust anyone and had no empathy whatsoever. What crimes have you committed? I don't want to say. But have you harmed other people? Massive, yes. Have you dealt with your victims? I've dealt with them, yes. Before the trial - to put it bluntly - I had a lucid moment in which I realized what I had actually been up to. I then asked the judge to speak to my victim before I was arrested. He also agreed to this. I couldn't do more. Unfortunately, I have to live with the damage that has been caused to God. I can't undo it anymore. I can only say: if I had the opportunity again, I would not do it again. In your opinion, can it be said that you are solely to blame? Yes, definitely. Nobody stood behind me with a pistol and had TEXT: MATTHIAS WEINZIERL Q12 ILLUSTRATIONS: LENA WÜRSCHING Q12

A U S S E N B L I C K 46 said: “Do it!” I became a criminal long before that, deliberately. If you look at the course of a mental illness, childhood is often formative for it. How was your childhood I was born in the 60s and grew up with my grandma for the first six years because my father just didn't accept me. I was born out of wedlock - back then they said “banker” - and that was against my father's view of honor. From the look of the mirror he was such an old Prussian. It was like this: what the father said has been done. If you objected, it hurt. He was the law. That was a relationship that you can no longer imagine today. When my mother started turning to alcohol, the father just tried to cover it up. I was actually doing pretty well with grandma. It was - as the saying goes - a warm nest. I felt safe there. My grandma is still standing on a pedestal with me today. When I had a problem and didn't know how to act, I went to Grandma. She then said I should try this or that and I did that and it was okay. What my grandma said was binding on me because I was never disappointed by her. She never played a double game or anything. When she died, I flew into a very deep hole. I didn't have any good contact at all. That's where the criminal offenses started. Your grandma is dead and then you are in a situation where you don't know what to do next. You feel really bad anyway and then there is some kind of external stimulus. So did you commit crimes out of affect because of this situation? That's a good question. I say yes and no, yes and no. There was no one left who quasi caught me, who showed me: “Do it this way or that!”, But I was really all alone in a world that was totally evil for me. I was afraid of everything and everyone and I had to feel good again somewhere. And then I committed the crimes. Then I felt good for a short time because I had power, and then the shame started about what I was doing. So I felt bad again and had to do it again to feel good. For me, the crime was the only escape from this situation. And how did it go on? Did you do an apprenticeship? I learned a pastry chef. Then I joined the Bundeswehr. I liked it because there was a structure. After serving in the armed forces, I worked as a gingerbread maker again for a short time. That was also really nice, especially because I like to snack (laughs). I met my first wife in the mid-80s and we got married. But I hadn't changed much. It used to be like this: if you looked at me stupidly, you just got one on your hat. When I became a father, I was a very proud rooster, I would say. I projected that onto my child. If someone looked at my child stupidly - what does stupid mean, how you look at children like that - I've already exploded. I also had in the arWhat remains hidden is the explosion in the back of my mind. "WEAK? I? NOT AT ALL!"