Ubuntu 12.04 how to disable compiz


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Compiz šŸ‡¬šŸ‡§ is a composite and window manager which, in conjunction with a suitable graphics card and other software, ensures that impressive effects are displayed on the desktop. The "Compiz Fusion" project offered additions to Compiz, including additional effects in the form of plugins. In the meantime, both projects have been combined under a common name.

Compiz uses hardware acceleration whenever possible. To do this, windows are transformed into textures and put together directly in the graphics card to form a visible desktop. Moving a window is almost completely taken over by the graphics card and the processor is greatly relieved. At the same time, the functions of the graphics card can be used to manipulate the textures. For example, you can zoom in closer to a window, so you have a built-in magnifier.

Hardware acceleration also makes the many effects possible that make Compiz so popular. For example, the textures can be deformed when they are moved, put together to form a three-dimensional cube or "burn off" when a window is closed.

Unity, preferred by Ubuntu to Trusty, used Compiz as a composite and window manager.



So that the hardware acceleration can be used, Compiz makes certain requirements on the hardware, the driver and the Xserver - if these requirements are not met, Compiz will not start!

The exact requirements for using Compiz are under [1] summarized.

Package installationĀ¶

The following packages must be installed [2] be:

  • compiz (from 04/18 in universe)

  • compiz-gnome (optional, for the GNOME desktop, from 04/18 in universe)

  • compiz-plugins-extra (universe, optional, further effects and animations)

Package list to copy:

sudo apt-get install compiz compiz-gnome compiz-plugins-extra

Or install with apturl, Link: apt: // compiz, compiz-gnome, compiz-plugins-extra


Start compizĀ¶


Since Kubuntu 8.10 or KDE 4.1, the KDE window manager has native effects that are activated by default. So Compiz is not required.


So that Compiz can be used in Xfce, some Compiz plugins must first be activated with the help of CCSM (CompizConfig Settings Manager) in order to create a usable working environment:

  • "Window Decoration" (Window frame + control buttons)

  • "Move Window" (Move window)

  • "Resize Window" (Change window size)

In order to permanently replace xfwm4, the Xfce window manager, with Compiz, the file ~ / .config / xfce4 / xfconf / xfce-perchannel-xml / xfce4-session.xml the line with:


replaced by:



On Ubuntu MATE, use MATE Tweak to activate Compiz. There are two presets with different effects available. The setting "no" completely disables Compiz.


In addition, Compiz can also be started with the following command in the terminal [3] start:

Quit CompizĀ¶

The desktop effects via Compiz can also be deactivated again. Alternatively, Compiz can be deactivated with a command. Because Compiz is an alternative window manager, Compiz is replaced by a different window manager. You should return to this before if you want to uninstall Compiz. For Xfce the command is:


Most of Compiz's plugins are explained in the CompizConfig Settings Manager article. There is also a list of Compiz plugins with additional descriptions on the Compiz Plugins page.

Default shortcut keys of some pluginsĀ¶


With the Compiz CCSM, the visual effects of Compiz can be adjusted down to the smallest detail.


Sometimes it helps to reconfigure the program:

sudo dpkg-reconfigure compiz

Otherwise, a detailed description can be found under Compiz / Troubleshooting.


This revision was created on April 12, 2021 10:27 by tuxifreund.
The following keywords were assigned to the article: window manager, desktop