What does acetone react with rubber
Acetone for cleaning
What is acetone
Although it is easy to explain, many people still cannot understand what acetone actually is. This is understandable, however, since a deeper basic chemical knowledge is required. Acetone is the oxidation product of secondary alcohols and consists of the simplest ketones. The technically correct name for acetone would be dimethyl ketone or propanone.
The properties of acetone
Acetone was discovered as early as the beginning of the 17th century. The possible uses are diverse:
- is required for various chemical syntheses
- dissolves various substances such as resins and plastics
- is a cleaning agent in the figurative sense
- is often used in nail polish removers
- is required for the production of acrylic glass (PMMA)
- has a strong oil and fat dissolving effect
Acetone diluted with water
As a cleaning agent, acetone is usually diluted. Technical acetone is therefore absolutely sufficient. Like ketones, acetone can be diluted with water. Since it dissolves resins, synthetic resins and plastics, it can also be used for thinning.
Take care when cleaning plastic surfaces
However, acetone reacts differently to different plastics. Acetone does not affect silicone, for example, but polystyrene dissolves it completely.
Dissolve fats and oils and remove them efficiently
In particular, the fat and oil dissolving properties are highly valued as a cleaning agent for acetone. Before soldering, circuit boards are safely and efficiently degreased with the aid of diluted acetone. Painters and varnishers also prefer to safely remove oils and greases from surfaces to be varnished.
Acetone for cleaning metals
However, there are certain risks here too. Because acetone not only has different chemical effects on plastics and resins. Some metals also react violently when they come into contact with acetone. In the case of copper, for example, pitting can occur if the non-ferrous metal comes into contact with acetone.
Be careful not only with the solvent when cleaning
These are points that must be observed not only when cleaning. When storing and disposing of acetone, you must also use appropriate containers that cannot be attacked by the organic solvent.
However, the health risks must always be considered. Acetone has a drying, degreasing and embrittling effect on the skin and can also get into the bloodstream.
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