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How to attach a porch to the house

Often the owners of an apartment building only want to enlarge the space with the help of an extension of the veranda after their construction has been completed. Before starting work, it is logical to ask about the specifics of summer verandas and find out what difficulties builders usually face when building verandas around the house. We will tell you how to avoid these difficulties and correctly organize the whole process.

Table of Contents:

  1. Reasons for building a porch
  2. Legal aspect of the problem
  3. Start of construction
  4. Materials and tools
  5. The foundation of the porch
  6. Wooden frame of the porch
  7. The roof of the porch
  8. Window frames
  9. Floor and stairs
  10. Arrangement of the porch

Contents

Reasons for building a porch

The veranda is a practical and comfortable addition to the outdoor apartments, which can decorate the architectural ensemble and protect the entrance of the house from negative weather influences. According to the established building standards, the building is classified as unheated. So the hand-built veranda is a simple construction on a light foundation consisting of a glazed facade and two side parts.

The decision to attach a porch to a finished house can arise for a number of reasons. There are situations when the initial construction work is carried out according to the most economical plan and later the owners plan to expand.

The porch may not even be implied, but illustrative examples and porches on neighboring dacha sites will inspire the owner to build the same extension and themselves. In addition, the attached veranda to the wooden house, if you equip it according to the type of hallway and glaze the facade part, will contribute to the additional design of the house. And the walls of the veranda are able to improve the thermal and acoustic insulation of the house.

Legal aspect of the problem

There is nothing complicated in building the porch at first glance, but if this structure is improperly expanded, real problems can arise, for example if the porch moves away from the building. However, these are minor issues compared to the legal trouble awaiting the owner trying to sell a home with an unapproved attachment.

In some cases, an unauthorized addition of a porch to a residential building can be a violation of the law. That is why it is worth learning how to properly fix a veranda and how to legalize such a construction. Remember that the additional construction will require a project.

In order to work out the architecture, design and functionality of the room, it is necessary to immediately and get down to the intricacies, otherwise you risk changing some drawings, paying for the services of specialists many times and losing money. It is important to maintain a professional approach when preparing this documentation so that the harmony of an existing building does not deteriorate.

If you are planning the project of an apartment building and a porch, you will be given a building permit. When filing an application for an extension permit, documents must be presented confirming ownership on site. Such a bureaucratic process is usually carried out for a month or two.

When obtaining the permit, it is recommended that the construction of the veranda be carried out in accordance with the approved project, otherwise violations will have to be eliminated. Remember that at the end of the work you need to register a changed house.

Start of construction

In order to avoid the "incompatibility effect", it is recommended to carry out all the necessary elements. If you have a brick house then do the same porch. If your cabin is built out of wood, then make a porch out of wood. To save money, the porch is often built from a metal frame or foam concrete that covers the structure with plastic or other materials. But this is not always good, because such materials visually separate the veranda directly from the house and make the building almost incompatible.

The best option is to build a veranda with your own hand, which is usually attached to a front or end wall of up to 6 meters and a width of 2.5 meters. At the same time, leave the entrance door in the summer building.

If you are planning to do all of the steps yourself and are interested in how much it costs to fasten a porch, then you know that the best option is to build the porch from the joists or beam using wire frame technology. Other construction options require either expensive work to create a foundation or the carpenters' confidence emanating from the artist.

Begin to experiment, remember that a lot depends on the question of how to fix a veranda, how much time there will be a wooden house. If the construction is new, the best solution will be to wait a few more years for it to shrink completely. If these conditions are not met, then the construction of the porch will not be as solid and reliable as we would like it to be. If there is still shrinkage at home, then choose to fix the structure of the form "spike-groove".

Materials and tools

So you've already noticed that it is quick and cheap to build a porch from beams or beams. The classic version of the columnar foundation implies the creation of a brick base. Also, gravel or gravel, concrete, broken brick and hot bitumen are needed to build the base of the structure.

It is recommended to choose the roofing material taking into account the plastic solution of the facade. Preferable are the most modern roof coatings - steel, asbestos cement or roll. In addition, edge boards are needed for the arrangement of the roof to form a box and special battens for applying roofing material to the surface of the ramp.

With an additional veranda, a single glazing is a single window frame. For assembly and fastening frames, the following tools are required to prepare: an ax, hammer, carpenter's hammer, shovels and bayonet spade, electric saw, grinder, a cordless screwdriver, claw hammer, a steel booth, cables, tape and building level.

In addition, it is necessary to prepare toil and small nails, screws, antiseptic or paint, wooden shields or a construction lining to cover the gap between the strapping from the bottom and the rocker panel. In addition, when installing windows, wooden wedges, a plaster solution and a drying cable are required.

The foundation of the porch

The basement of the veranda is made to a similar depth that the foundation of the house is made by oneself so that the veranda does not tear away from it later. At this stage it is necessary to take into account the type of soil and use the report surveys that were carried out during the construction of the house and to take measures that the possible shifts construction on undulating soils (sandy loam, loam, clay) prevent.

According to the advice and recommendations of experienced builders, the porch should be leaned on the pillars, but it is not desirable to fix it too hard on the house. It is common practice to lay foundation pillars for each corner post, and if you plan to make a porch long enough, you will need to put it under intermediate posts.

After marking the future location of the foundation pillars, dig a hole at least one meter deep in these places. At the bottom of each pit, arrange the foundation pillows of sand in 20 centimeters. If the soil is sandy, then a 10 cm thick layer of gravel or gravel is usually poured on the bottom of the foundation, which must be sealed and sealed with hot bitumen. After that, perform a concrete base in 15 centimeters while ensuring a strict horizontal top cut.

After the concrete had set, a foundation pillar made of bricks was laid on this base. It is recommended to choose the height of the column so that half the veranda is 30 cm below the level of the floor in the residential building. Prefabricated rods need to be smeared with bitumen, and then you can cope with the backfilling. Place the cavity in the center of the column with broken brick, coarse gravel, or similar material. A wooden or brick pipe should be placed between the supports. Try to make the surface appear homogeneous through the texture.

Wooden frame of the porch

For the construction of the frame of the future veranda, it is customary to use bars that have a cross section of 100 by 100, 80 by 120 millimeters or logs with a diameter of no more than 120 millimeters. The lower strapping must be laid on the pillars of the foundation. Produce connections in the corners of a straight lock in a half-tree. Do a double bottom strapping, cut in the lags that you'll be bottoming on later. It should be pierced by shelves and nailed to further strengthen each joint with two brackets.

From the point of view of material consumption, an economical frame can be obtained by using racks instead of solid rods, which are composed of 2 plates with a cross-section of about 40 to 120 mm and gaskets of the same size. If you connect elements in this case, you will have to move the cards accordingly.

On the posts, you should attach the upper strap to the nails and spikes, and then attach the rafters, the upper ends of which are connected to a horizontal beam that goes under the slope of the roof of the apartment building.

Racks that adjoin the wall of the residential building, and the barrel is recommended to be tightened with the help of anchor bolts. Pay attention to the installation of beams to support the rafters. On the wall, they should be firmly attached and placed under the overhang of the roof of the apartment building at such a distance that the roof of the attached summer room would interlock with the roof of the house.

The veranda sliding walls, which are very comfortable, are becoming increasingly popular. In the photo of the attached verandas you can see how you move the wall, you can turn the veranda into a summer terrace. In rainy weather, the walls should be closed and separated from unfavorable climatic conditions.

Sections of such a wall, which have an upper glazed part and a lower wooden panel, should be connected using metal loops. When the wall opens, the sections are simply folded into the accordion. Around the horizontal metal hooks that can move left and right, they should be fixed in a closed shape.

The roof of the porch

The roof of a porch attached to a brick house is usually made as a flat construction in relation to the roof of an apartment building. To create a roof porch, it is best to choose the material that you used to build the roof of the house. At work, you can use other lightweight materials - rollers, steel and asbestos-cement. Cover the roof of the boards lying horizontally.

Depending on the material used, it is common to lay boards with gaps or tightly. If you plan to make a roof from a roll material, for example roofing material, then it is preferable to arrange its flooring on a solid flooring consisting of edge boards. Fix the floor to the rafters with nails, and their hats drown in the body of the boards.

Spread the roll materials on the floor, carefully level and nail the edges. Nails after that, lamellas capable of holding the stacked material in place. You can close the slats at the top with strips of material: they should be fixed with nails. The roof is bent under the lath at the lower edge by 10 centimeters and fastened with nails.

Arrange under the steel roof box - fixed or sparse. The panels are connected with seams and are attached to the box with the help of nails. Corrugated asbestos cement panels are placed in such a way that the overlap occurs on the corrugation and the sheet metal underneath overlaps by 14 centimeters.

Window frames

Place the hallway on the veranda on the floor at a height of half a meter - this is lower than the window sills in the apartment building. The space that remains between the window sill and the strapping from below is sewn with a lining or simply covered with wooden shields. It is necessary to trim the veranda from the outside, since this extension does not require heating.

Window frames should be installed between the window sill and the dishes above, as shown in the photo of the verandas on the house. Seal the remaining space between the door and the neighboring posts. You can also create narrow ties. The size of the windows, the presence of wide or narrow frames on the summer veranda determine the future appearance of the building from the outside.

On the veranda, it is recommended to turn the windows, which consist of the deaf and opening flaps. It is enough to use single frames, since the adjoining veranda is a summer and unheated room.

Install window units as follows. Insert the prepared block into the opening and fix it in the corners of the wooden opening wedges. Then nail the window box in several places. Fill three quarters of the gaps in the dry pack, and in the remaining quarter fill the stain soaked with plaster of paris solution. Close the exposed gaps between the wall and the flower boxes with wooden panels.

Floor and stairs

It is recommended to lay the floor of the veranda in the form of a single-layer plank coat. The boards should be laid on logs embedded between the second and first corbels of the strapping on the ground. Sex boards and logs must necessarily be antiseptirovat and covered with a dye for outdoor work.The continuation of the floor is the upper step of the porch.

After adding a veranda, under the roof of the extension, it is advisable to arrange a staircase and an entrance door. You can build a separate canopy. The extended top step of the stairs is best located at the level where the porch floor is located. Elements of a straight ladder made of wood are usually attached to two strings arranged at an angle on the side.

The board, which serves as the lowest step, is on the floor, the ends of which are closely adjacent to the strings and fastened with nails. Next, the custom is to install inserts cut out from the template and repeating the contour of the side plate. They should also be attached to the strings. Between them there is a central support board and a step that holds the upward profile.

Arrangement of the porch

A finished door can be put on either side, while you should follow the pre-made drawings. The process of completing the extension depends on the existing solution of the facade of the country house, while it is worth considering processing all wooden structures with antiseptics.

For developers who appreciate thermal comfort, you can create additional insulation that will make it possible to comfortably use the usable area in winter. When decorating the interior, take into account the fashion trends of design - colonial, rustic, Japanese, eco-style, to create a cozy corner to your taste from the materials you like.

After building a porch to the house, consider what furniture can be placed there. This is not an easy task as the porches are usually not large. Its walls are often made up of many windows, and it is recommended that shelves, cabinets, and other tall furniture be placed near a blind wall.

You can save space on the veranda by folding furniture that can be folded up multifunctionally. For example, you can place a table with a tabletop attached to the window board. When the need arises, it is easy to fold and lower. As a table, it is common to use an imposing size.

To sit, it is necessary to use folding chairs and a couch against a dead wall. As it is known, there is a lot of light in the summer porch. Often times the residents are happy, but sometimes you really want to avoid getting sun rays. For these purposes, it is recommended to buy a variety of sunscreens, such as blinds, curtains.

Many summer residents have noticed that being on a porch in summer is better than spending time in closed, stuffy rooms. Plus, you already know how to add a veranda to a vacation home.Do not spare the building materials, your own strength and your time to make your home cozy and beautiful.